May 13, 2024 | Flash Brief

Israel Opens Third Humanitarian Aid Crossing Into Northern Gaza

May 13, 2024 | Flash Brief

Israel Opens Third Humanitarian Aid Crossing Into Northern Gaza

Latest Developments

Israel on May 12 opened a third route for humanitarian aid to enter northern Gaza, the Western Erez crossing in Zikim, near the strip’s northern border. Israel announced the development in coordination with the U.S. government. The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and Israeli Defense Ministry engineering personnel established the new crossing “as part of the effort to increase aid routes to the Gaza Strip, and to the northern Gaza Strip in particular,” said the Israeli military. Israel’s new checkpoint has already facilitated the delivery of 36 trucks carrying flour supplied by the World Food Programme from Israel’s Ashdod Port to the Gaza Strip.

Israel has continuously increased the amount of humanitarian aid entering Gaza and is currently facilitating ground transportation into northern Gaza via three crossings: Western Erez, Eastern Erez, and Gate 96. Near southern Gaza, Israel additionally operates the Kerem Shalom crossing — which Israel has reopened following Hamas’s six attacks on it since May 5 — and the Nitzana crossing.

Expert Analysis

“Israel keeps aid flowing into Gaza while Hamas keeps attacking that aid. We need to start re-evaluating our relationship with organizations like the World Food Programme that are ignoring that reality and promoting false Hamas narratives instead.” Richard Goldberg, FDD Senior Advisor

“The aid flowing into Gaza highlights the night and day difference between Israel and Hamas. While Israel undertakes massive efforts to avoid civilian casualties and to ensure that Palestinians have the supplies they need, Hamas works to maximize civilian casualties on both sides and even steals aid intended for the Palestinian people.” — David May, FDD Research Manager and Senior Research Analyst

Israel Increases Gaza Aid by Land, Air, And Sea

Since October, Israel has coordinated with non-governmental organizations, partner states, and international organizations to increase aid to Gazans by land, air, and sea. Between October 8 and May 12, Israel facilitated transportation of 27,775 trucks carrying 531,160 tons of humanitarian aid to Gazans, including food, water, shelter, and medical supplies. Israel has also supported 99 airdrops of aid directly into Gaza.

Distribution Within Gaza is Difficult

Once humanitarian aid crosses into Gaza, distribution can be challenged by Hamas hijacking attempts or bottlenecking by United Nations partner organizations. Israel has repeatedly called for improvements to these distribution processes to ensure aid reaches Gazans after crossing through Israeli checkpoints.

Hamas Targets Kerem Shalom Aid Crossing And Israeli City Of Ashkelon,” FDD Flash Brief

Israel Reopens Kerem Shalom Gaza Crossing,” FDD Flash Brief

U.S. Announces Completion of Gaza Aid Pier,” FDD Flash Brief


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