Philip Kowalski is a research analyst at FDD focusing on Turkey. He studies Turkish foreign policy, Kurdish rights, and Turkey’s involvement in the Syrian conflict. He has written essays on international affairs for the Washington Kurdish Institute, OZY and the Middle East Institute, where he was a research assistant in 2019.
He completed his MA at the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies, with a thesis on “Reurbanization in Post-Genocide Southeastern Turkey (1925-1940).” Prior to attending graduate school, Philip lived in Turkey between 2012 and 2016. He holds a BA in History from the University of Cincinnati.