June 26, 2024 | Flash Brief

Gaza ‘Day After’ Plan Circulating Among Israeli Leaders

June 26, 2024 | Flash Brief

Gaza ‘Day After’ Plan Circulating Among Israeli Leaders

Latest Developments

A postwar plan for Gaza written by four Israeli academics has been circulating among leaders in Israel’s government and security establishment. Titled “From a murderous ideology to a moderate society: transforming and rebuilding Gaza after Hamas,” the 28-page paper argues that the core elements of the plan’s success are the total defeat of Hamas through loss of territory, loss of sovereignty, and public trials for Hamas leaders and those who carried out the October 7 atrocities in Israel. The authors, who teamed up in November, said that all members of Israel’s now-disbanded war cabinet had read the document.

Expert Analysis

“Logically this plan makes sense: Eliminate Hamas leadership and military infrastructure, retain capable technocrats, and focus on de-radicalization as a pre-requisite to successful self-government. Implementing such a plan is a lot harder than outlining it.” — Richard Goldberg, FDD Senior Advisor

“It is in the interest of Israelis and Palestinians to eliminate Hamas. Failure to do so has led to suffering on both sides. But without replacing the brutal rulers with a more hopeful alternative, conflict will inevitably return.” — David May, FDD Research Manager and Senior Research Analyst

Transforming Gazan Society

According to the paper, Israel’s achievement of its desired outcome in the coastal enclave rests on its ability to “rehabilitate and transform a nation that was led by a murderous ideology, to produce stable institutions and an Arabic culture that does not educate for jihad, a culture that accepts the existence of the State of Israel as the nation-state of the Jewish people.” This includes a total overhaul of Gaza’s education system and the removal of UNRWA, the United Nations agency dedicated to the Palestinian refugees of Israel’s 1948 War of Independence and their descendants. UNRWA is currently facing a lawsuit in the United States for allowing Hamas to siphon over $1 billion from its funds. The plan also calls for a “positive horizon” to prevent the Palestinians from slipping back into terrorism and violence.

Calls for a ‘Day After’ Plan

Disagreements regarding postwar Gaza have been a source of friction between Washington and Jerusalem and within Israel. Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Gallant, who released his own plan in January, complained in May that Israel had yet to determine a postwar plan for Gaza. Soon after, former defense minister and then war cabinet member Benny Gantz threatened to leave the government if the war cabinet did not release a postwar strategy. Gantz followed through on his threat on June 9. Israeli National Security Advisor Tzachi Hanegbi announced on June 25 that Israel will implement its plan for the “day after” when Hamas has been defeated in northern Gaza, which will likely be soon.

Israeli Defense Minister Presents Plan for ‘Day After’ in Gaza,” FDD Flash Brief

Israel Looks to ‘Day After’ in Gaza,” by Seth J. Frantzman

The Palestinian Authority Can’t Govern Gaza After the War,” by Hussain Abdul-Hussain

Issues:

Israel Israel at War Palestinian Politics