May 29, 2024 | Flash Brief

Israeli Embassy in Mexico City Attacked by Hamas Supporters as Government Requests to Join ICJ Case

May 29, 2024 | Flash Brief

Israeli Embassy in Mexico City Attacked by Hamas Supporters as Government Requests to Join ICJ Case

Latest Developments

Pro-Hamas protestors clashed with police officers outside the Israeli embassy in Mexico City on May 28. The protestors, many of whom were masked, lit fires and sprayed graffiti on the walls of the diplomatic complex accusing Israel of being a “Nazi” state. The Associated Press reported that six officers were injured in the clashes.

The violence accompanied an announcement by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) confirming that the Mexican government had petitioned to join the genocide case against Israel being pressed by South Africa.

In its Declaration of Intervention submitted to the ICJ, Mexico argued that as a party to the 1948 UN Genocide Convention, “[I]n the present case, the interpretation and application of the Genocide Convention are a matter of importance to every State party to the Convention, in light of the nature of the obligations contained in said instrument. Thus, Mexico upholds that every State has an interest in the judgment that will be delivered by this Court.”

Three other countries have filed to join the case against Israel, which South Africa initiated in December, including Nicaragua in January, Colombia in April, and Libya in May.

Expert Analysis

“There is a pattern emerging of countries that depend on the United States — whether economically or militarily — actively undermining the United States and our democratic allies. This is a major failure of American diplomacy — a hole from which we need to dig out using a mix of carrots and sticks.” Richard Goldberg, FDD Senior Advisor

“The ICJ’s attempt to micromanage Israel’s war in Gaza aids Hamas’s global war on the Jewish state. As Mexico throws its support behind the baseless allegations against Israel, protesters are tossing firebombs at Israel’s embassy in Mexico City. It is all part of a broader campaign to eliminate Israel.” David May, FDD Research Manager and Senior Research Analyst

Mexico’s Evolving Position on Gaza Conflict

On October 8, the Mexican government released a statement unequivocally condemning Hamas’s attack on Israel and called for the “full cooperation of all states to prevent and punish” acts of terrorism. But despite recognizing Israel’s right to defend itself, it condemned the “use of force, regardless of which side uses it.” The following day, Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador walked back Mexico’s stance in support of Israel in a press conference, saying that his government does not want to take sides in the conflict. On November 7, Obrador reiterated his position on neutrality and added that Mexico is “not going to break relations with Israel.” Even after Mexico applied to join the ICJ case this week, Obrador refused to describe Israel’s actions in the Gaza Strip as “genocide” and said that he “prefers to wait” to recognize a Palestinian state. 

Top UN Court Calls for Israel to End Anti-Hamas Operations in Rafah,” FDD Flash Brief

ICJ Rejects South Africa’s New Attack Against Israel,” FDD Flash Brief

ICJ Rejects Gaza Ceasefire Demand, Urges Hostages Released,” FDD Flash Brief

The ICJ’s New Chief Judge Has a History of Bias Against Israel,” by Orde Kittrie

Issues:

International Organizations Israel Israel at War Lawfare