Fdd's overnight brief

October 8, 2021

In The News


Iran’s state TV reported Thursday that speedboats belonging to the country’s paramilitary Revolutionary Guard have intercepted U.S. vessels in the Persian Gulf. A U.S. Navy spokesman said he was not aware of any such encounter at sea over the past days. – Associated Press 

Talks between Iran and Saudi Arabia are on a “good path,” Iran’s foreign minister said Thursday, suggesting the negotiations between the two regional archrivals would continue. – Associated Press 

Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Bob Menendez has invited the top United Nations nuclear watchdog for a briefing on Iran’s nuclear program that puts the top Senate Democrat on a collision course with President Joe Biden’s plan to revive the 2015 Iran nuclear deal. – Washington Examiner 

A day after Azerbaijan’s leader was seen caressing a lethal drone supplied by Israel, neighboring Iran’s new top diplomat met with his Russian counterpart to discuss boosting bilateral ties and establishing a plan to settle growing tensions at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. – Newsweek 

The United States believes an “imminent” return to indirect talks in Vienna over a return to the Iran nuclear deal is necessary because the process cannot go on indefinitely, State Department spokesman Ned Price said on Thursday. – Reuters 

The Iranian authorities have been persecuting Mahnaz Mohammadi for 14 years. She fights for women’s rights, makes films that expose the oppression of Iranian women, presents her films at international festivals, and isn’t afraid to tell the world what outrages her in Iran – Haaretz 

Bjian Khajehpour writes: Despite all its structural deficiencies, the Iranian economy has survived a challenging period and is set to continue growing. The expansion of domestic industrial and economic capacity as well as the growth of domestic and regional markets will continue to drive the economy forward. The outlook will depend on the outcome of the current negotiations over the future of the JCPOA. – Middle East Institute 

Seth J. Frantzman writes: Iran says this is very sensitive. It wants Russia to know that it is concerned by both the presence of Israel-Azerbaijan relations as well as Turkey’s moves to open up a land corridor. “Undoubtedly, Russia is also seriously monitoring the developments in the region, and doubts about Turkey’s movements in the Caucasus have long been formed in the Kremlin.” Perhaps. But Iran is messaging here how concerned it is that time may not be on its side. It feels that Russia is ignoring its concerns and prefers Turkey. What will Iran do next? This is the crossroads where Tehran now finds itself. – Jerusalem Post 

Seth J. Frantzman writes: What matters here is that Iran is shifting resources to its foreign ministry and appears to want to leverage its relations in the region. It is looking with interest at upcoming elections in Iraq and attempts by Jordan, Egypt, Iraq and the UAE to bring Syria back into closer relations with the Arab states. Iran is also interested in pressuring the US to withdraw from Syria and from facilities in northern Iraq. – Jerusalem Post 


Spurred by mounting evidence of Taliban abuses since the group seized power two months ago, the United Nations top human rights body voted Thursday to appoint an independent expert backed by specialist advisers to investigate and report on abuses in Afghanistan. – New York Times  

For three days and nights, the bodies of four accused kidnappers dangled from construction cranes — three of them hoisted high above a prettily painted traffic plaza — for all the citizenry to see. After dark, when the desert winds whistled through the streets, witnesses said, the bloodied figures swayed. – Washington Post 

On Thursday, the International Refugee Assistance Project, whose lawyers are working on his behalf, filed a lawsuit in a federal court in San Francisco against Secretary of State Antony Blinken, alleging the administration failed in its legal obligations under the Afghan Allies Protection Act to help his family despite his work for the U.S. government during the 20-year war there. – Associated Press 

Since the radical Islamists swept to power seven weeks ago they have repeatedly promised a more moderate, inclusive brand of rule than during their last stint, when minorities were brutally persecuted. But members of the Hazara community here don’t believe them. – Agence France-Presse 

An Afghan journalist who started reporting on the Taliban before the U.S. war in Afghanistan said in an interview on Thursday that nothing has changed from how the militant group ruled that country in the 1990s to how it is now ruling after the fall of Kabul in August. – The Hill 

Ahmad ‘Abd Al-Tawwab writes: Some countries may have to maintain ties with the Taliban, because it is now the one that decides whether to heed the interests of others in [Afghanistan], or thwart them. But these ties are no excuse for these countries to promote a false image of the Taliban, or fail to warn about the danger it poses to mankind and to civilization, or hinder those who do voice such warnings. – Middle East Media Research Institute 


A leading Syrian Kurdish politician said on Thursday the United States will stay on in Syria to destroy Islamic State, build infrastructure and remain a player in the search for a political settlement after more than 10 years of civil war. – Reuters  

Josh Rogin writes: The only hope for real peace, stability and justice in Syria is for the United States to reengage diplomatically and work to revive and lead the international political process. Meanwhile, the United States should help to improve the lives of Syrians living outside of Assad’s control, rather than advising them to strike bargains with their oppressor. There are no good choices in Syria, but tacitly allowing a mass murderer to be welcomed back into the diplomatic fold is not an acceptable choice. Normalizing Assad won’t end the war, and looking the other way is a morally and strategically bankrupt strategy. – Washington Post 

Amotz Asa-El writes: Fed by the economic suffocation, sectarian alienation, diplomatic rejectionism, military adventurism and culture of hatred that its previous leadership chose, today’s Syria is the direct product of the path its leaders carved in 1973. That is why the Yom Kippur War’s biggest loser is Syria, God save her. – Jerusalem Post 


Turkey has made a request to the U.S. to buy 40 Lockheed Martin-made F-16 fighter jets and nearly 80 modernization kits for its existing warplanes, as the NATO ally looks to modernize its Air Force after the purchase of F-35 jets fell through, sources familiar with the matter said. – Reuters 

A Kuwaiti passenger plane made an emergency landing at Trabzon airport in northern Turkey on Thursday following a bomb threat reported to the airline’s headquarters, an official said. – Associated Press 

Challenging Western sanctions, NATO ally Turkey has pledged to further its defense industry cooperation with Russia, including fighter jet and aircraft engine technologies, a second batch of S-400 air defense systems, and submarines. – Defense News  

David Gardner writes: After lobotomising Turkish governance, it is tricky to go up against greater powers in the badlands surrounding Turkey. With a tamed media that hangs on his every outburst, and an inner circle shorn of all dissonant opinion, Erdogan has all the power he sought but no way of testing how to wield it. – Financial Times 

Matt Powers writes: SADAT is part of a new race for private military capabilities. As seen in Syria, Libya, and Nagorno-Karabakh, the proliferation of conflicts with negligible Western engagement may create continued opportunities for Turkey to employ mercenaries. And, if Turkey’s mixed domestic appetite for military interventions abroad persists, it is easy to see the appeal in augmenting Turkish military forces or its partners with Syrian proxies. But this should not lead Turkey watchers to exaggerate SADAT’s reach or ignore the constraints it faces. – War on the Rocks 


A ruling by a local Israeli court in favor of a Jewish man who prayed quietly at a flashpoint Jerusalem holy site has angered Muslim authorities, who denounced it on Thursday as a violation of the fragile status quo governing the compound. – Associated Press  

Both the Jordanian and Palestinian Authority foreign ministries condemned a decision by an Israeli court that allows limited Jewish prayer rights on the Temple Mount. – Algemeiner 

It is one of dozens of cases in which Israel is holding the remains of Palestinians killed in conflict, citing the need to deter attacks and potentially exchange them for the remains of two Israeli soldiers held by the Palestinian militant group Hamas in the Gaza Strip. – Associated Press 

Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Israel and Palestinian Affairs Hady Amr discussed ending the Palestinian Authority’s monthly payments to convicted terrorists and their families in his meetings in the region this week. – Jerusalem Post 

Armstrong Williams writes: Support for Israel should remain bipartisan and strong, and Democrats should not jettison support for a true and longstanding American ally in favor of a terror-sponsoring regime that employs violence in the cause of destroying Israel. – The Hill 

Jonathan Spyer writes: This is so not only with regard to Israel’s developing strategic ties with Greece, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and France, countries which have taken and are likely to continue to take a continued stance of firm opposition to Turkish ambitions in the Eastern Mediterranean. As Turkey continues its path of decoupling from its Cold War set of alliances, Israel may well wish to consider Ankara’s ongoing stance concerning events west of the Jordan River. – Jerusalem Post 


Outside the headquarters of Asaib Ahl al-Haq, one of the main Iranian-backed militias in Iraq, fighters have posted a giant banner showing the U.S. Capitol building swallowed up by red tents, symbols of a defining event in Shiite history. – New York Times 

Ashleigh Whelan and Mohanad Adnan write: Yet despite Iraqis’ hopes for change, the election is unlikely to have decisive results without an increased turnout and will otherwise likely lead to protracted negotiations to form a government. A new electoral system—combined with political parties’ infighting and inability to organize into viable coalitions—means some winning candidates might be elected with very few votes. This will almost certainly prompt legal challenges and “sour grapes” media campaigns run by those unhappy with the outcome. – Washington Institute 

Ali Al-Mikdam writes: As Iraqi voters decide whether to stay home or go to the polls on elections day, many questions remain unanswered. This country has many changes, more political fluctuations, and fast-moving events. It is only in time that fate and what awaits Iraqis after the October vote can be known. – Washington Institute 

Douglas Ollivant writes: Anyone concerned about the future of Iraq should be hoping for a majority government. If Iraq can begin the process of reform, start to build infrastructure, and gradually develop a non-oil economy, it would then have a fighting chance against the very real problems that the country’s elite has — to date — avoided confronting. Conversely, if Iraq’s politicians attempt to again muddle through and avoid making hard choices about Iraq’s path forward, then conditions could quickly worsen. Iraq’s elites may try to just keep playing the same game, but the chess board is crumbling beneath them. – War on the Rocks 

Gulf States

Bahrain, Russia and other members of the U.N. Human Rights Council pushed through a vote on Thursday to shut down the body’s war crimes investigations in Yemen, in a stinging defeat for Western states who sought to keep the mission going. – Reuters  

Britain will on Friday take its first step towards trade negotiations with the six-country Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), asking British businesses what they want an agreement to cover. – Reuters  

Fighting over the key Yemeni city of Marib has displaced around 10,000 people in the past month, the U.N. migration agency said Thursday. The clashes escalated as Yemen’s Iran-backed Houthi rebels intensified their push to take the provincial capital from government forces. – Associated Press 

Middle East & North Africa

Jordan’s foreign minister on Thursday pushed back against a report that the country’s monarch, King Abdullah II, went out of his way to hide the purchase of more than a dozen luxury homes worth more than $106 million, saying there was “nothing secretive” about the transactions. – Associated Press 

Algeria, the main backer of Western Sahara’s Polisario Front independence movement, calls on Morocco to withdraw from a key buffer zone, after the United Nations named a new envoy.. – Times of Israel 

Morocco’s King Mohammed named a new government on Thursday after last month’s election, keeping the foreign and interior ministers in place but appointing Nadia Fettah Alaoui as finance minister, the state news agency reported. – Reuters 

Ezzedine C. Fishere writes: That’s more than enough to buy Egypt’s purported strategic cooperation. After all, most perks of this cooperation are policies the regime has deep interest in maintaining. The administration can work with Egypt on these issues while tying the congressionally benchmarked funds to genuine improvements in its human rights behavior, at a lower cost in energy and time. – Washington Post  

Mariam Ben Slama writes: While camps like Burj-El-Barajneh have merged into the urban architecture of the city over the years, contrasting the planning processes of the more recent Zaatari and Azraq camps in Jordan, these sites all demonstrate the tensions between the camps’ architects and inhabitants in their senses of what the architecture of a refugee camp should prioritize. As such, the physical structure of these camps provides a means to explore the power dynamics between refugees, humanitarian organizations, and the state apparatus at play. – Washington Institute 

Korean Peninsula

The World Health Organization said on Thursday that it had resumed shipments of medical supplies to North Korea to help its Covid-19 response, in what appears to signal a relaxation of the closed-border policies enforced by Pyongyang early in the pandemic. – New York Times 

South Korea became the latest nation to express interest in joining an Asia-Pacific trade deal, with the trade minister saying the government is “seriously and actively considering” the issue. – Bloomberg 

The director of the National Reconnaissance Office has revealed that two new satellite programs developed in collaboration with the private sector have been delivering new insights into North Korea and other areas of interest to U.S. intelligence. – Washington Examiner  

North Korea’s food situation remains perilous according to analysts and a United Nations expert who raised doubts this week about its harvest, and there are signs that it is receiving large shipments of humanitarian aid from China. – Reuters  

Secretary of State Antony Blinken and his new Japanese counterpart “shared concerns” about North Korea in a call on Wednesday. Blinken spoke with Japanese Foreign Minister Motegi Toshimitsu to congratulate him on being appointed to the role, according to a statement from State Department spokesperson Ned Price. – The Hill  


The CIA is creating a new center focused exclusively on gathering intelligence about China and countering its espionage against the United States, another sign that senior U.S. officials are preparing for an all-encompassing, years-long struggle with Beijing. – Washington Post  

As competition between the United States and China intensifies, more Americans now say the Asian country is more powerful economically, a reversal from two years ago when a plurality said the United States had an economic advantage, according to a survey released Thursday by the Chicago Council on Global Affairs. – Washington Post 

China will strengthen supervision of the online payments industry and continue its anti-monopoly crackdown, the governor of the central bank said, indicating Beijing will press ahead with a regulatory crackdown on the country’s technology giants. – Agence France-Presse 

A top adviser to Hong Kong’s leader says the Asian financial hub will still enact a local version of a Chinese anti-sanctions law that has spooked businesses after the legislation was temporarily shelved. – Bloomberg 

China will make the protection of nature a priority and crack down on damage to habitats, the government said in a policy paper days before it hosts talks aimed at drawing up a new global biodiversity treaty. – Reuters 

U.S. national security adviser Jake Sullivan said on Thursday his talks with China’s top diplomat Yang Jiechi in Switzerland on Wednesday avoided the acrimony of a meeting in March and that more were needed to avert conflict between the two countries. – Reuters 

The editor of China’s national English-language newspaper suggested Thursday that the country should use airstrikes to kill American service members stationed in Taiwan. – Newsweek 

Scott Kennedy and Jude Blanchette write: It is this feature of China’s state capitalist system—the expansive and expanding role of the CCP—that poses the most significant challenges not only in how the workings and structure of China’s economy are understood, but also in how market economies can and should respond. – Center for Strategic and International Studies 

John G. Ferrari and William C. Greenwalt write: Planning under traditional acquisition processes could then commence on a new submarine design for delivery post-2040. We are sure that the U.S. Navy can come up with 100 reasons not to do any of this — and some of them, on their face, might seem valid. But now is not the time to shy away from risk. We are in a period of strategic vulnerability with China. They believe they are ascending, and we need to place them on the horns of strategic dilemmas now, not two decades from now. – The Hill 

Tom Rogan writes: Ultimately, the U.S. and China are locked in a new Cold War. Nothing will change until one side assumes long-term dominance. But considering the economic and military stakes involved in this struggle, it makes sense that Biden and Xi build a functional personal relationship. – Washington Examiner 

Harlan Ullman writes: China’s National Day occurred on Oct. 1. China was signaling by this display that Taiwan would eventually return to the fold, even by force. […]Next, the U.S. must not focus excessively on China’s military threat, as it is doing, or exaggerate it. As the Evergrande real estate debacle demonstrated, a financial explosion in China could prove far more economically threatening to the rest of the world than any ambitions to seize Taiwan. – The Hill 

James Jay Carafano writes: So far, the administration’s policies on Taiwan have been generally constructive, but the U.S. response to the overflights has been minimalist and likely inadequate. Biden can make up for that by committing to strong U.S. support of Taiwan for the long haul and by encouraging our allies – and particularly the Quad partners – to do likewise. – The Hill 

South Asia

The masked militants barged into a school in Kashmir, a Muslim majority region in India, demanding to know the religious identity of its teachers. Then they separated two non-Muslim teachers and shot them at close range, a police officer said. – New York Times 

A court in Myanmar ruled Thursday that it will not allow a Burmese-English translator at the upcoming trial of Sean Turnell, an Australian economist who has been charged under the Official Secrets Act. – Associated Press 

Moeed Yusuf writes: Pakistan’s expectations of the new government are no different than those of Western governments: Pakistan wants a state that is inclusive, respects the rights of all Afghans, and ensures that Afghan soil is not used for terrorism against any country. – Foreign Affairs 

Michael Rubin writes: It is time for both Democrats and Republicans, liberals and conservatives to say enough is enough. It is time to move the fundamental rethink of U.S. Pakistan policy from rhetorical to reality. Strip Pakistan of major non-NATO ally status. Designate Pakistan a terror sponsor. Put it on the Financial Action Task Force blacklist where it belongs. – Washington Examiner 


Tensions have escalated since Tsai Ing-wen of Taiwan’s Democratic Progressive Party was elected president, leading to a cessation of formal dialogue between Beijing and Taiwan. Taiwan’s premier said Tuesday that the island must be on alert for China’s “over the top” military activities. Taiwan’s defense minister said Wednesday that military tensions with Beijing are at their worst point in more than four decades. – Washington Post  

A U.S. special-operations unit and a contingent of Marines have been secretly operating in Taiwan to train military forces there, U.S. officials said, part of efforts to shore up the island’s defenses as concern regarding potential Chinese aggression mounts. – Wall Street Journal 

China reiterated calls for the United States to cut off military ties with Taiwan on Friday, in a cautious response to reports that United States Marines have been stationed on the self-ruled island for more than a year to strengthen its defenses against intensifying Chinese aggression. – Washington Post 

A nuclear-powered Navy submarine has been damaged in a collision in the South China Sea, injuring U.S. sailors but leaving the multibillion-dollar vessel operational, officials said. – Washington Post 

Australia’s former prime minister has accused China of being a bully and expressed enthusiastic support for Taiwan while visiting the democratically ruled island. – Associated Press 

A group of French senators visiting Taiwan as part of a regular parliamentary exchange met with President Tsai Ing-wen on Thursday morning during a trip that comes in a particularly tense moment between China and the self-ruled island. – Associated Press 

Two lawmakers on key national security committees — one a Republican in the Senate, the other a Democrat in the House — called on the Biden administration to abandon the longtime American policy of strategic ambiguity toward Taiwan and make clear that the United States would defend the island nation should China launch an attack in the near future. – Politico 


The Kremlin has for years bridled at Europe’s drive to reduce emissions and to diversify its energy supply, efforts that threatened to undermine a Russian economy heavily reliant on oil and gas exports. This fall, as Mr. Putin sees it, the Europeans finally got their comeuppance: a confluence of events catapulted energy prices to record heights, putting the Russian president in a position to ride to the rescue. – New York Times 

Russia is set to host the Taliban and other Afghan factions for talks later this month, a senior Russian diplomat said Thursday, in a move that reflects Moscow’s efforts to expand its clout. – Associated Press 

Russia accounted for most state-sponsored hacking detected by Microsoft over the past year, with a 58% share, mostly targeting government agencies and think tanks in the United States, followed by Ukraine, Britain and European NATO members, the company said. – Associated Press 

The U.S. has sent a warning to Russia against exploiting the current gas crisis in Europe for political gain after the Kremlin suggested it has the ability to boost much-needed supplies. – Newsweek 

Seth J. Frantzman writes: This means an added aspect of the current crisis in gas prices and Russian-EU relations have ramifications for the Mediterranean. These are important because Russia has grown closer to Turkey in recent years. A French defense deal with Greece illustrates growing cooperation across the Mediterranean, and US-Greek relations have grown increasingly as well. All of this matters because energy policy is part of national security policy. Russia certainly sees it that way. – Jerusalem Post 


Poland’s constitutional court on Thursday set up a head-on collision with the European Union by ruling that the country’s Constitution trumps some laws set by the bloc, a decision that threatens to dissolve the glue that holds the union’s 27 members together. – New York Times  

Australia’s assertion that it could not inform France of its top-secret talks with the United States and Britain to build nuclear submarines is “childish”, the French envoy to Canberra said on Friday. – Reuters 

The high-profile falling-out between the U.S. and France over the AUKUS agreement shouldn’t “cause a rift” in the transatlantic alliance, the head of NATO said on Thursday. – Newsweek 

Chad P. Bown and Cecilia Malmstrom write: A September spat between Washington and Paris over the United States’ submarine deal with Australia nearly scuttled the Pittsburgh meeting altogether. The council needs to become a flexible institution that can manage these sorts of transatlantic strains. In so doing, it can provide the United States and the EU with the impetus to collaborate on shared global challenges that neither can tackle alone. – Foreign Affairs 

Janusz Bugajski writes: After the failure in Afghanistan, the U.S. needs to demonstrate strategic success by strengthening relations with key allies in the geopolitically important Black Sea region. While Moscow aspires to dominate the region and project its power toward the Middle East and the Balkans, Beijing seeks a major foothold in this important energy corridor between Central Asia and Europe.  – The Hill 


Gunmen ambushed Malian army troops in the West African country’s central region, killing at least nine soldiers and wounding 11 others, an army statement said. – Associated Press 

South Sudan has ordered the freezing of bank accounts of five members of a coalition of activists calling for political change. – Associated Press 

Gangs of heavily armed criminals known locally as bandits have terrorised northwest and central states of Africa’s most populous nation for years. But violence has spiralled in recent months, forcing thousands of already vulnerable people like Aliyu to flee their homes in a situation that aid agencies fear risks becoming a humanitarian crisis. – Agence France-Presse 

Editorial: De-escalation seems to be the furthest thing from Mr. Abiy’s mind. Three weeks ago he answered the Biden administration’s push for a negotiated solution with a three-page open letter in which he declared: “Ethiopia will not succumb.” More ominously, his government recently ordered seven U.N. aid workers in charge of humanitarian relief for Tigray expelled from the country, on the purported grounds that they have sided with Tigrayan rebels. – Washington Post 

Jon Temin writes: This is not a matter of the United States and other powerful countries being magnanimous: it serves their interests to have African countries that are directly affected by climate change take part in the push for solutions, including by putting pressure on major polluters, just as it serves their interests to include African countries in discussions about the factors that drive migration, such as the lack of economic opportunity. – Foreign Affairs 

The Americas

Former U.S. Army intelligence analyst Chelsea Manning has waited four years to visit Canada. But when an invitation from the Canadian government finally came, it turned out that immigration authorities just wanted the chance to physically remove her from the country. […]In 2013, Manning was sentenced to 35 years in military prison for passing on a vast trove of classified diplomatic and U.S. military cables to the WikiLeaks website. – Washington Post  

Officials from Mexico and the United States are developing a new framework for their governments’ security relationship that is more “holistic” in addressing crime and will tackle a broader range of issues than the previous initiative. – Associated Press 

The number of U.S.-bound Haitian migrants temporarily stuck in northern Colombia has risen to about 20,000, a senior U.S. official said Thursday, echoing reports from a local human rights organization. – Associated Press 

Ecuador is aiming to negotiate trade deals with China, Russia and South Korea in the next four years, the Andean nation’s Production and International Trade Minister said on Thursday, adding that closing a deal with the United States is a priority. – Reuters 

The United States and Mexico are hashing out a security arrangement to replace the Merida Initiative that will focus on exchanging information and the root causes of violence, in a bid to soothe bilateral friction, Mexican government sources and U.S. officials said. – Reuters 

A former U.S. special envoy to Haiti who blasted the Biden administration as he resigned last month over the deportations of hundreds of migrants told U.S. lawmakers on Thursday that Washington must rethink its approach to the Caribbean nation. – Reuters 

Gil Troy writes: Kamala Harris’s inability to reject a student’s agitated slurs against America was disturbing. But Ms. Harris’s response was especially alarming because she wasn’t alarmed. Her answer proclaimed that, in her world, hearing someone falsely accuse Israel and America of genocide is unremarkable. – Wall Street Journal 

Brooke Harrington writes: We already see momentum building in the form of the enormous size of the Pandora Papers, which is even larger than the Panama Papers — formerly the biggest data leak in history — and involves information from 14 offshore sources instead of one. This suggests that whistle-blowers are not only emboldened now, but also may be cooperating internationally, to do what lawmakers cannot: holding accountable the most wealthy and powerful people in the world in the court of public opinion. – New York Times 


Lawmakers say that testimony from Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen is galvanizing members of both parties to unify behind sweeping proposals targeting social media companies, after years of stalled attempts, with some calling it the tech industry’s “Big Tobacco moment. – Washington Post 

A chain of recent, devastating hacks is exposing some of the Internet’s most fiercely guarded secrets, stepping up a guerrilla struggle between tech firms and anonymous hackers and raising fears that everyday Internet users could get caught in the crossfire. – Washington Post 

Alphabet Inc.’s Google will no longer allow digital ads bought on its platform to appear next to online content that denies climate change, a ban that will also apply to YouTube, the company’s giant online-video service. – Wall Street Journal 

When she was detained in Canada nearly three years ago, Meng Wanzhou was crisscrossing the globe as finance chief of all-conquering Chinese tech giant Huawei Technologies Co. – Wall Street Journal 

Ensuring the U.S. has next-generation encryption necessary for the post-quantum era and reversing the recent increase in fallout from ransomware attacks are among National Security Agency cyber officials’ top areas of focus in the near-term. – Defense One 

Editorial: After Haugen’s testimony Zuckerberg used a Facebook post to hit back at the “false picture” he claims was painted. He called for Congress to determine whether there should be a legal age for using the internet. Age limits, and how those are policed, are legitimate points for Congress to now debate. But Haugen has raised a broader range of issues on which lawmakers should consider legislating. She is right that Facebook will not change without it. – Financial Times 


The Pentagon on Thursday began its biggest effort ever to prepare the military for the effects of climate change with the release of a 32-page strategy. – The Hill 

The U.S. Army will send to Guam one of the two Iron Dome air-and-missile defense batteries it recently purchased as an interim solution for cruise missile defense, according to an Oct. 7 statement from the 94th Army Air and Missile Defense Command. – Defense News 

The U.S. Army has completed its delivery of the first hypersonic weapon capability to a unit two days ahead of deadline, according to service officials from the Rapid Capabilities and Critical Technologies Office. Those officials were on the ground at Joint Base Lewis-McChord in Washington state as the unit unloaded the last of the trucks containing equipment for the battery. – Defense News 

The agency in charge of developing and launching America’s spy satellites is turning to industry for new capabilities. – Defense News 

US Secretary of the Navy Carlos Del Toro confirmed on 5 October that he supports and plans to resource the operational plans put into place by the US Navy (USN) and US Marine Corps (USMC) leadership teams. – Jane’s 360 

Long War

An alleged Taliban commander who was previously charged in the 2008 kidnapping of journalist David Rohde is now facing charges related to attacks on U.S. troops in Afghanistan during that time period, including one in the Wardak province that killed three soldiers and an interpreter. – Washington Post 

Survivors of the 2015 Islamic State massacre at the Bataclan concert hall in Paris on Wednesday told the trial being held over a night of bloodshed in the French capital they “played dead” on the ground for hours to avoid being shot. – Agence France-Presse 

Denmark has charged three women with supporting terrorism and illegal traveling in conflict zones immediately after evacuating them from Syrian refugee camps. – Bloomberg