Fdd's overnight brief

January 17, 2024

FDD Research & Analysis

In The News


In a dark tunnel lined with concrete, 60 feet below ground, the Israeli general held one hand above the other to illustrate his soldiers’ mission: to destroy Hamas in this sprawling city, and in the intricate warrens beneath it. – Wall Street Journal

The small collection of wartime decision makers—Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Defense Minister Yoav Gallant and former head of the Israeli military, Benny Gantz—is diverging publicly on the two biggest dilemmas they face: whether Israel should negotiate to end the conflict and free the hostages, and who should govern the bombed-out strip once the war is over. – Wall Street Journal

Israel’s war on Hamas has deprived people in Gaza of food, water, electricity and shelter. It’s also disrupted communications. Gaza’s cellphone network had struggled before the conflict. Now, under Israeli bombardment and the mass displacement of Gazans, it’s failing as people are trying to connect with loved ones and secure resources. – Washington Post

Hamas fighters in the northern Gaza Strip fired at least 25 rockets toward a nearby Israeli city on Tuesday, renewing right-wing criticism in Israel of the government’s decision to scale back some military operations in the war. – New York Times

One tunnel in Gaza was wide enough for a top Hamas official to drive a car inside. Another stretched nearly three football fields long and was hidden beneath a hospital. Under the house of a senior Hamas commander, the Israeli military found a spiral staircase leading to a tunnel approximately seven stories deep. – New York Times

Israeli tanks stormed back into parts of the northern Gaza Strip they had left last week, residents said on Tuesday, reigniting some of the most intense combat since the New Year when Israel announced it was scaling back its operations there. – Reuters

A Palestinian shop owner said Israeli troops used him as a human shield to protect themselves during a raid on the town of Dura in the occupied West Bank. – Reuters

The European Union imposed sanctions on Tuesday on Yahya Sinwar, the political leader of Hamas in Gaza, over the Palestinian militant group’s deadly attack on Israel last October. – Reuters

President Isaac Herzog of Israel was heading to the World Economic Forum in Davos on Wednesday with family members of Israeli hostages held by Hamas in Gaza to step up pressure for their release. – Bloomberg

New testimony is beginning to emerge in Israel about sexual abuse being perpetrated by Hamas against the remaining female hostages — 13 or 14 of which are believed to be alive — being held by the terror group in Gaza. – New York Sun

The head of a terrorist cell in Nablus was killed on Tuesday overnight in a joint operation between the IDF and the Shin Bet, the military revealed on Wednesday. – Jerusalem Post

Editorial: The time for stocktaking and accountability will come after the war. But if Israel is to emerge as a stronger and more resilient nation, it is essential for its people – and its politicians – to stay united during the war. There is no better way to do this than to form a broad national unity government now. – Jerusalem Post

Editorial: His remarks are no less true regarding the West Bank. Israel needs to decide what it intends to do in the occupied territories. In the long run, improving the economy and freeing up funds for the PA will not be enough to prevent terrorist attacks. Israel must recognize the reality: that only a diplomatic solution can solve a national problem. But for that, Israel must get rid of Netanyahu, who has been a complete failure at this as well. – Haaretz

Bret Stephens writes: It’s been nearly 50 years since Daniel Patrick Moynihan condemned the U.N.’s “Zionism is racism” resolution as “this infamous act.” “The abomination of antisemitism,” he warned, “has been given the appearance of international sanction.” Maybe the I.C.J. will make a similar mistake. If so, the shame and disgrace will rest with the accusers, not the accused. – New York Times


Iran hit a jihadist group in Pakistan with a missile and drone strike Tuesday, according to Iranian state media, as a series of conflicts continue to spread across the Middle East in the wake of Israel’s war in Gaza. – Wall Street Journal

Iran hit its neighbors Pakistan and Iraq with missile strikes on Tuesday, prompting strong denunciations from both countries and raising fears that upheaval in the Middle East could spiral out of control. – New York Times

Iran isn’t yet restocking Houthi rebels with weapons by sea after the US and UK air strikes in Yemen last week, Western officials said, signaling cautious optimism that the military action had some success in disrupting the supply of arms to the group. – Bloomberg

Editorial: Iran and the Houthis are putting American lives at risk, even as the leaders in Tehran hide their malevolent intent behind their proxy militias. They probably assume Mr. Biden will never dare to attack Iran’s military or domestic assets in a U.S. election year. These are the consequences of failed deterrence, with American servicemen paying the price. – Wall Street Journal

Samuel Ramani writes: But Russia has refused to confirm this. It may still be concerned about how Iran would use the jets, and anyway needs new aircraft to replace its losses in Ukraine. So while the two countries continue to exchange warm words in public, the relationship is far from smooth. The US and its allies can only hope that mutual suspicions will triumph. – Center for European Policy Analysis

Russia & Ukraine

With fighting still raging in Ukraine, and a front line that has barely shifted in more than a year, the country’s president, Volodymyr Zelensky, headed on Tuesday to the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, amid a swirl of diplomatic discussions about possible peace talks. – New York Times

Russian President Vladimir Putin met the Russian and North Korean foreign ministers on Tuesday, after their meeting in Moscow, Russian state news agency RIA quoted Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov as saying. – Reuters

Russian President Vladimir Putin said on Tuesday that Ukraine’s statehood could suffer an “irreparable blow” if the pattern of the war continued, and Russia would never be forced to abandon the gains it had made. – Reuters

A Russian woman accused of assassinating a prominent pro-war blogger told a court on Tuesday she had thought the package she handed to him in a St Petersburg cafe contained a listening device, not a bomb. – Reuters

Russia’s intense missile and drone attacks across Ukraine in recent weeks sharply increased civilian casualties in December with over 100 killed and nearly 500 injured, the United Nations said in a new report Tuesday. – Associated Press

Off in the distance, Ukraine, fighting for its survival. Seen from up here, in the cockpit of a French air force surveillance plane flying over neighboring Romania, the snow-dusted landscapes look deceptively peaceful. – Associated Press

Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelenskiy met with his Polish counterpart Andrzej Duda in Davos, Switzerland, on Tuesday, following a rift between the neighboring nations last year. – Bloomberg

Hal Brands writes: We know now that Putin has been quite reluctant to directly confront the West or use nuclear weapons in Ukraine: He didn’t do so even when his army was reeling in late 2022. But it was harder to know that, as opposed to simply asserting it, at the start of the conflict, when events were most fluid and a different US strategy might have had the greatest effect. – Bloomberg

Timothy L. O’Brien writes: . The war in Gaza has now captured the world’s attention and headlines, diverting attention from Ukraine. Further financial and military aid for Ukraine from Europe and the US appears to have dried up. Yet the stakes haven’t changed, and the world remains at risk. – Bloomberg


The Iran-backed Hezbollah militant group in Lebanon and Russia-linked hackers have stepped up cyberattacks against Israel since the war with Hamas began, according to the chief technology officer of Israel-founded cybersecurity company Check Point Software Technologies Ltd. – Bloomberg

The IDF says fighter jets carried out airstrikes and tanks and artillery shelled several Hezbollah sites in southern Lebanon over the past few hours. The targets in Houla, Marwahin and Ayta ash-Shab include several military buildings and other infrastructure belonging to Hezbollah, according to the IDF. – Times of Israel

Yonah Jeremy Bob writes: But until the IDF figures out how to thread the needle perfectly – hit assets or persons critical enough to Hezbollah to get it to move all of its forces away from the border and beyond anti-tank missile range, without overstepping into a general war – it will be hard for Israel to translate its military superiority into long-term sustainable security gains. – Jerusalem Post


British oil major Shell suspended all shipments through the Red Sea after U.S. and U.K. strikes on Yemen’s Houthi rebels triggered fears of further escalation, according to people familiar with the decision. – Wall Street Journal

The United States carried out a new military strike against Houthi ballistic missiles in Yemen on Tuesday, the U.S. military said, but the latest salvo against the Iran-backed group left the White House grappling with how to stop a battle-hardened foe from disrupting shipping lanes critical for global trade. – New York Times

More manufacturers are seeking to fly their products in the next few weeks as attacks on Red Sea shipping force them to find alternate routes, logistics firms say, a potential boon for a sector dealing with muted post-pandemic demand and overcapacity. – Reuters

David Ignatius writes: But the bizarre little war off the coast of Yemen — and its big potential effect on global commerce — is a reminder of how fragile the logistical network remains. The grandees of the world economy who are gathering this week in Davos, Switzerland, for their annual celebration of globalization should keep an eye on the distant bottleneck at the Bab el-Mandeb, where the system seems very weak indeed. – Washington Post

Paul Krugman writes: One way to think about the effects of Houthi attacks on shipping is that they may recreate a situation comparable to the supply bottlenecks of the first half of 2021, although on a more limited scale. But as I’ve just argued, those bottlenecks ended up being only a relatively small part of the overall inflation story. And nothing happening in the Middle East will cause the kind of broader disruption that led inflation to become so high and widespread. – New York Times

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia has not yet officially joined the BRICs bloc of developing countries, the kingdom’s minister of commerce said in a panel at the World Economic Forum in Davos on Tuesday. – Reuters

Saudi Arabia’s foreign minister said on Tuesday the kingdom could recognise Israel if a comprehensive agreement were reached that included statehood for the Palestinians, ambitious talk as the war between Israel and Hamas shows no sign of easing. – Reuters

Veena Ali-Khan writes: Overall, there are no favorable options left for Saudi Arabia in Yemen. While the strategy of compartmentalizing the two issues has succeeded in protecting Riyadh thus far, this is only a temporary bandage absent an official peace agreement. The future of Yemen’s conflict is now inextricably linked to the upheaval in the Red Sea, and the country’s peace process must now take this uncomfortable reality into consideration. – Foreign Policy

Gulf States

Qatar and France have brokered a deal with Israel and Palestinian Islamist group Hamas to deliver urgent medication to some 45 Israeli hostages held by the group in Gaza in return for humanitarian and medical aid for the most vulnerable civilians. – Reuters

Military strikes will not contain attacks by Yemen’s Houthis on commercial shipping lanes in the Red Sea, but an end to the war in Gaza will, Qatar’s prime minister said on Tuesday during the World Economic Forum (WEF) meeting in Davos. – Reuters

Financial aid to rebuild Gaza will be hard to attract unless the key issue of a two-state solution for the Palestinians and Israelis is properly addressed, Qatar’s prime minister said. – Bloomberg

Middle East & North Africa

The United States faced intensifying military action by Iran and its allies on Tuesday, an escalating threat to the Biden administration’s effort to contain violence across the Middle East following the launch of Israel’s war with Hamas militants. – Washington Post

Jordan’s Prime Minister Bisher al Khasawaneh said on Tuesday that peace with Israel remained a strategic choice but any push to drive Palestinians to the kingdom would pose an “existentialist” threat. –  Reuters

Jordanian Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi said on Tuesday Israel was placing many obstacles to the entry of aid into Gaza, worsening the plight of Palestinians there. Safadi, speaking at a press conference with his Australian counterpart Penny Wong, said the hurdles meant only 10% of the total needs of more than two million Gazans under siege were being covered. – Reuters

Korean Peninsula

South Korea has sanctioned two individuals, three entities and 11 ships linked to North Korea’s nuclear and missile programmes, its foreign ministry said on Wednesday. – Reuters

North Korea’s foreign minister lauded comradely ties with Russia on Tuesday and then held rare talks in the Kremlin with President Vladimir Putin, who has been invited by Kim Jong Un to visit the reclusive nuclear-armed country. – Reuters

South Korea and the United States have agreed to start early talks on how to share the cost of keeping U.S. forces in the country in a bid to reach a deal before the possible reelection of Donald Trump as president, local media reported on Tuesday. – Reuters

The United States, South Korea and Japan conducted combined naval exercises involving an American aircraft carrier in their latest show of strength against nuclear-armed North Korea, South Korea’s military said Wednesday, as the three countries’ senior diplomats were to meet in Seoul to discuss the deepening standoff with Pyongyang. – Associated Press


China’s growth rate finished at one of the lowest levels in decades last year, underscoring the heavy toll that a property-sector collapse and weak consumer confidence have taken on the world’s second-largest economy despite the lifting of all Covid-19 restrictions. – Wall Street Journal

Chinese Premier Li Qiang gave global business elites a big hint on highly anticipated growth figures, as he sought to reassure them that investing in China is an opportunity—not a risk. – Wall Street Journal

China’s position that it will not renounce using force to bring Taiwan under its control is aimed at foreign interference and a tiny number of separatists, but Taiwanese need to be disabused of “biases” against China, the government said on Wednesday. – Reuters

A reporter from Xinhua landed in Nauru on Wednesday, the first from China’s official news agency to step foot on the remote Pacific Islands nation after it ditched Taiwan for China, as Chinese state media raced to build up its local presence. – Reuters

China summoned the ambassador from the Philippines on Tuesday and warned the country “not to play with fire” after President Ferdinand Marcos Jr congratulated Taiwan’s president-elect Lai Ching-te on his election victory. – Reuters

China has a strategy to help Pacific Island nations with policing, not defence, and its growing presence in the region should not alarm Australia, China’s ambassador to Australia said on Wednesday. – Reuters

Chinese Premier Li Qiang arrived in Ireland on Tuesday for talks with the Irish leader on China’s relations with the European Union and other global and bilateral issues. – Associated Press

China has made “serious representations” to Australia over a statement on Taiwan’s election result by the foreign ministry in Canberra, in the latest challenge to recently improved ties between the two nations. – Bloomberg

South Asia

Pakistan said neighbouring Iran has violated its airspace resulting in the death of two children, hours after Iranian state media said missiles targeted two bases of militant group Jaish al Adl on Tuesday. – Reuters

Supply cuts by OPEC+, costly shipments from some traditional Middle East suppliers and geopolitical tension is driving India, the world’s third biggest oil importer, to diversify its crude sources and accelerate its energy transition, its Oil Minister Hardeep Singh Puri said. – Reuters

Industrial and medical gases manufacturer INOX Air Products said on Tuesday that it has signed a memorandum of understanding with the government of Indian state Maharashtra for a green ammonia plant, which has a planned outlay of $3 billion. – Reuters

Andy Mukherjee writes: While China is knocking on the doors of the rich-nations’ club, India is still a lower-middle-income economy, with many more years of wooing at Davos ahead of it. If New Delhi gets the strategy right, the allurement will follow. – Bloomberg


Taiwan has ordered some $19 billion in American missiles, rocket launchers and other weapons to help it defend itself against threats from Beijing. The only problem: U.S. delivery on many of those orders is years away. – Wall Street Journal

A Thai court sentenced a jailed activist lawyer to four years in prison on Wednesday for royal insults from a 2021 social media post, his lawyer said, in one of the country’s high profile lese-majeste cases. – Reuters

Taiwan changed the way it reports Chinese military activities around the island days after it elected a US-friendly president that Beijing has branded an “instigator of war.” – Bloomberg

US lawmakers unveiled a proposal that would eliminate so-called double taxation of Taiwanese workers and firms in America, a step toward a major priority for Taipei and Washington that risks angering Beijing. – Bloomberg

Michael Beckley writes: Taiwanese and American political leaders need to recognize this stark reality, do far more to improve military deterrence, start national conversations about the growing threat of war and work toward public unity about how to confront that threat, all while avoiding rhetoric or actions that needlessly throw fuel on the fire. If they fail to seize this opportunity, they may not get another chance. – New York Times

Dan Blumenthal writes: The PRC’s recalcitrance will be on display, and the world can see for itself which country is looking to revise the status quo. While Taiwan’s electoral defiance of Beijing is a good beginning, the fight to preserve Taiwan as a free and democratic U.S. ally is about to get more difficult. – The National Interest

Dean P. Chen writes: In his victory speech, Lai again stressed that he would continue Tsai’s balanced cross-strait policy, extending his willingness to engage in dialogue with Beijing based on “dignity and parity” and in “accordance with the constitutional order of the Republic of China.” Biden also reaffirmed that the United States does not support Taiwan’s independence. These goodwill attempts to reassure an increasingly belligerent Beijing may not be reciprocated given Xi’s intransigence and eagerness to prove his legitimacy as the PRC’s most powerful leader since Mao Zedong. – The National Interest


Ukraine’s border authorities said Polish truck drivers who had been blocking three crossings on the Polish-Ukrainian border lifted all blockades, allowing traffic to pass freely. – Reuters

Four factories in Spain owned by French tyre maker Michelin are planning to halt output again on the weekend of Jan. 20-21 due to delays in the delivery of raw materials caused by the crisis in the Red Sea, the company’s Spanish subsidiary said on Tuesday. – Reuters

European Union member states have given initial backing to a naval mission to protect ships from attacks by Yemen’s Iran-backed Houthi militia in the Red Sea, European diplomats said on Tuesday, after the launch of a U.S.-led mission in the region. – Reuters

U.K. Prime Minister Rishi Sunak suffered a substantial rebellion by Conservative Party lawmakers on Tuesday over his stalled plan to send asylum-seekers on a one-way trip to Rwanda, in a blow both to the policy and to his authority over the fractious governing party. – Reuters

The defense minister of Belarus said Tuesday that the country closely allied with Russia will put forth a new military doctrine that for the first time provides for the use of nuclear weapons. – Associated Press

Kosovo’s defense chief said the Balkan nation will be better defended with an influx of US-supplied anti-tank missiles four months after a violent clash in the country’s north dramatically escalated tensions with Serbia. – Bloomberg

Slovenia has decided to formally join proceedings in the International Court of Justice (ICJ) seeking an advisory opinion on Israeli control of, and policies in, the West Bank, Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem, a motion that precedes South Africa’s genocide allegations heard in the court last week. – Times of Israel


Russia and Niger, under military rule since a coup last year, have agreed to develop military cooperation, the Russian Defense Ministry said on Tuesday. – Reuters

Comoros’ President Azali Assoumani won a fourth five-year term after being declared by the country’s electoral body on Tuesday as the winner of Sunday’s election in which he contested against five opponents. – Reuters

A suicide bomb blast in Somalia’s capital city Mogadishu killed three people and injured two others, Somali authorities said on Tuesday, with the militant group al Shabaab claiming responsibility for the attack. – Reuters

Shell opens new tab is set to conclude nearly a century of operations in Nigerian onshore oil and gas after agreeing to sell its subsidiary there to a consortium of five mostly local companies for up to $2.4 billion. – Reuters

Sudan has suspended its involvement in mediation efforts with IGAD, a group of East African nations that has sought to broker talks between the army and the paramilitary force it has been fighting for months, the foreign ministry said on Tuesday. – Reuters

Rwanda said on Tuesday it had killed a soldier from Democratic Republic of Congo and captured two others on its territory in the latest sign of friction on their border. – Reuters

China will continue to firmly support Togo in safeguarding its sovereignty, security and development interests, China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi said while visiting the African country, according to a ministry statement on Wednesday. – Reuters

The Americas

El Salvador’s Nayib Bukele holds a large lead ahead of his bid next month to win reelection as president, a poll showed on Tuesday, as one Latin America’s most popular leaders rides a wave of support for his hardline security policies. – Reuters

Argentina’s President Javier Milei was en route by commercial jet to the World Economic Forum in Davos in Switzerland on Tuesday, taking selfies with passengers on board and criticizing what he called the event’s “socialist agenda”. – Reuters

Editorial: Last week’s gang attacks may concentrate the minds of Ecuadorans and the U.S. Mr. Noboa wants a referendum to amend the constitution to allow extradition to the U.S. Last week the State Department said it plans to “increase intelligence sharing, cooperation to combat malicious cyber activity, and assistance with the implementation of prison reforms.” The need for help is urgent to save Ecuadoran democracy and prevent a new source of migrants marching to the U.S. border. – Wall Street Journal

North America

Canada on Tuesday clamped down on researchers affiliated with a list of mainly China-based universities to stop them working on subjects deemed sensitive or critical to Canadian national security. – Reuters 

 If Republican frontrunner Donald Trump wins the U.S. presidential election in November, it will be “a step back” that makes life tough for Canada, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said on Tuesday. – Reuters

The number of study permits Canada issued to Indian students fell sharply late last year after India ejected Canadian diplomats who would process the permits and fewer Indian students applied due to a diplomatic dispute over the murder of a Sikh separatist leader in Canada, a top Canadian official told Reuters. – Reuters

United States

The Senate on Tuesday took the first step in advancing a stopgap spending bill to avoid a partial government shutdown at the end of the week, buying time to enact a broader bipartisan funding agreement for the remainder of the year. – New York Times

President Biden invited congressional leaders to a meeting at the White House on Wednesday to discuss his funding request for Ukraine, Israel and the border, which has been stalled for weeks on Capitol Hill. – New York Times

The effort has divided Democrats and spurred an intensive lobbying countereffort by pro-Israel groups. It reached a peak on Tuesday, when the Senate voted on a resolution threatening to freeze all U.S. security aid to Israel unless the State Department produces a report within 30 days examining whether the country committed human rights violations in its conduct of the war. – New York Times

The U.N. human rights office on Tuesday called on the U.S. state of Alabama to halt its first planned execution of a prisoner by nitrogen gas asphyxiation this month, saying it could amount to torture and violate U.S. commitments under international law. – Reuters

Editorial: Whether these activists know it or not, this might end up stiffening American support for Israel among Mr. Biden and other normal Democrats, who don’t want to be associated with such a display. It should increase the public’s resolve that protesters who break the law or stop traffic need to be prosecuted. – Wall Street Journal

Joseph Bosco writes: To avoid repeating his mistakes on Ukraine and Iran, Biden should state again publicly, as he has already, that America will directly defend Taiwan. But this time it should be done not as an ad hoc answer to a reporter’s random question but as a fully vetted presidential statement of official U.S. policy, without staff or State Department watering-down or “clarification.” – The Hill

Graham Allison writes:  This year promises to be a year of danger as countries around the world watch U.S. politics with a combination of disbelief, fascination, horror, and hope. They know that this political theater will choose not only the next president of the United States but also the world’s most consequential leader. – Foreign Affairs


Australia will set up an advisory body to mitigate against the risks of artificial intelligence, the government said on Wednesday, becoming the latest country to increase its oversight of the technology. – Reuters

OpenAI’s CEO Sam Altman on Tuesday said an energy breakthrough is necessary for future artificial intelligence, which will consume vastly more power than people have expected. – Reuters

A Russian tech student could face treason charges for helping Ukrainian hackers carry out cyberattacks against Russia. A resident of the Siberian city of Tomsk, Seymour Israfilov was detained by Russian security services (FSB) in October, but little information was given about him and his alleged crime at the time of his arrest. – The Record

Parmy Olson writes: Social media companies whose algorithms subtly encouraged toxic activity often failed to enforce their guidelines banning that behavior. OpenAI can set itself apart from its predecessors if it can enforce those guidelines properly. That would be a welcome change, but it will be tough to pull off. – Bloomberg

Michael Depp and Paul Scharre write: Rumors of a U.S.-Chinese agreement on AI in nuclear command and control at the meeting between President Joseph Biden and General Secretary Xi Jinping offer a tantalizing hint of the possibilities for nuclear powers to come together to guard against the risks of AI integrated into humanity’s most dangerous weapons. The United States should seize this moment and not let this opportunity pass to build a safer, more stable future. – War on the Rocks


The U.S. Navy completed its first deployment of four unmanned ships, which spent five months in the Pacific testing concepts for how to integrate their capabilities into crewed fleet operations. – Defense News

Northrop Grumman on Tuesday announced it successfully test fired the second-stage solid-rocket motor for the LGM-35A Sentinel nuclear missile now under development. – Defense News

Kelly A. Grieco and Jennifer Kavanagh write: One of the biggest barriers to the adoption of a balancing approach is Washington’s mindset. The idea that military dominance must be pursued in Asia is deeply ingrained in U.S. foreign and defense policy. This presumption risks becoming even more entrenched as leaders in both political parties fear slipping behind Beijing. But a balancing approach constitutes neither appeasement nor defeatism. It is perhaps the only fiscally sustainable way to protect U.S. interests in the region for decades to come. – Foreign Affairs

Caitlin Lee and Paul Lushenko write: The U.S. approach to countering tactical drones has too narrowly focused on defensive options. The popular narrative around the democratization of drone technologies has fed into the idea that drones are too ubiquitous to be targeted before they launch. But the most sophisticated drone capabilities still require supply chains, manufacturing facilities, and training regimes that are all viable targets for a variety of interdiction efforts. – War on the Rocks


Long War

The Biden administration plans to put the Houthi rebel group back on one of its lists of terrorist organizations, days after the U.S. launched strikes on its facilities in Yemen in retaliation for months of attacks on commercial vessels in the Red Sea, officials said. – Wall Street Journal

UK police said Tuesday that specialist officers will assess whether to open a war crimes probe into Israel’s war with Hamas, following a referral from an advocacy group for Palestinians. – Agence France-Presse

In a joint operation conducted by the IDF and the Israel Security Service (Shin Bet), Bilal Nofal, a key Hamas operative responsible for interrogating individuals suspected of espionage against the terror organization in the southern Gaza Strip, was eliminated by an Israeli Air Force (IAF) aircraft. – Jerusalem Post