October 2, 2015 | Quoted by Sam Fiske - U.S. News & World Report
Did Poor U.S. Planning Prompt Russia’s Rise in Syria?
Russia's recent airstrikes in Syria are prompting concerns that America is losing power and political influence in the region. And the fact that Russia is reportedly targeting positions that include those held by U.S.-trained rebel factions – but not by the Islamic State group, also known as ISIL or ISIS – is widely seen as underscoring the divide between American and Russian strategies.
“I believe Russia will first and foremost protect Assad and its port, and ensure its own continued role and influence,” Michael O'Hanlon, a senior fellow specializing in national security and defense policy at the Brookings Institution, said in an email, referring to Russia's naval facility in the Syrian city of Tartus. “Defeating ISIL in the first instance matters less to them.”
Russia's perceived intent to attack terrorist forces fighting Syrian President Bashar al-Assad – its historic ally – while focusing less on the Islamic State group alarmed lawmakers this week, who decried what many of them see as America's lackluster Middle Eastern counterterrorism strategy.
Airstrikes prevent gains by the Islamic State group and eliminate targets, but they have done little to quell the insurgent activities tearing through Iraq and Syria.
“High-value targeting is most effective when it is combined with other counterinsurgency measures,” said Thomas Joscelyn, a witness at the Tuesday committee hearing and senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. “Unfortunately, there are currently no boots on the ground truly capable of implementing a large-scale counterinsurgency strategy.”
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