May 26, 2010 | FDD’s Long War Journal

Pakistani Taliban assault district center in Nuristan

A large Taliban force under the command of a wanted Pakistani leader attacked Afghan police in the northeastern province, sparking clashes that lasted for hours.

An estimated 300 Taliban fighters, reportedly under the command of Swat Taliban leader Mullah Qari Fazlullah, launched an assault today on a district center in Barg-e-Matal in the province of Nuristan, which borders Pakistan to the east. The outnumbered Afghan police held off the attack, killing seven Taliban fighters and suffering the deaths of two of their own officers.

The police called for reinforcements from Kabul but they did not arrive in time to fight the battle, according to the BBC. “There are many fewer police than attackers but we have the locals helping us,” the provincial chief of police said.

The Barg-e-Matal district is a known Taliban transit area to and from the northern Pakistani district of Chitral. Last summer, the Taliban took control of Barg-e-Matal for several months after a similar attack. US and Afghan forces were deployed to the region to help local Nuristanis eject the Taliban, but the forces later withdrew.

Barg-e-Matal borders the district of Kamdesh, which is under Taliban control since US forces withdrew from combat outposts last fall after an attack by a large Taliban and al Qaeda force.

Taliban commander Qari Ziaur Rahman, who operates on both sides of the Afghan and Pakistani border, said that the US pullout from Kamdesh and the Korengal Valley in neighboring Kunar province has given the Taliban greater freedom of movement on both sides of the border.

Fazlullah's forces are thought to have moved into Nuristan last fall to evade a Pakistani military offensive that began in May 2009 and targeted him and the leadership of the Swat Taliban. In a phone call to the media late last year, he claimed he was in Afghanistan.

Fazlullah controlled the Pakistani district of Swat for more than two years after the government signed multiple peace agreements that helped him consolidate his power. His forces have survived last year's Pakistani military offensive and have re-infiltrated Swat to wage a low-intensity insurgency that consists of targeted assassinations of pro-government tribal leaders and politicians.

The Pakistani military has claimed it killed Fazlullah, Rahman, and other top Taliban leaders in airstrikes and raids over the past year, but the Taliban leaders have eventually granted interviews with the media and mocked Pakistani officials.

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