Fdd's overnight brief

March 19, 2024

FDD Research & Analysis

In The News

Israel

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has agreed to send a team of officials to Washington to discuss U.S. concerns over its planned military operation in southern Gaza that would potentially put over a million civilians at risk, the White House said, as Israel and Hamas began a key round of talks over hostages and a cease-fire proposal. – Wall Street Journal

More than a million people in the Gaza Strip, around half of the enclave’s population, are experiencing famine-like conditions, according to new estimates by food-insecurity experts who found evidence of widespread starvation and a sharp increase in child mortality in the war-ravaged enclave. – Wall Street Journal

The polarized debate in Canada over the conflict in Gaza spilled into the country’s House of Commons on Monday as lawmakers voted to endorse a wide-ranging package of nonbinding measures that a left-leaning opposition party had presented as way to bring peace to the region. – New York Times

Hamas leader Marwan Issa died in an Israeli air strike, White House official Jake Sullivan has said. […]Israeli media sources have reported that Mr Issa was killed in a strike on a tunnel complex under the Nuseirat refugee camp in central Gaza last week. – BBC

European Union foreign ministers agreed in principle on Monday to impose sanctions on Israeli settlers for attacking Palestinians in the West Bank and to add further sanctions on members of Palestinian Islamist group Hamas. – Reuters

Israel has asked the International Court of Justice (ICJ) not to issue emergency orders for it to step up humanitarian aid to Gaza to address a looming famine, dismissing South Africa’s request to do so as “morally repugnant”. – Reuters

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on Monday expressed concern around Israel’s planned offensive, in the southern Gaza city of Rafah in a call with Israeli war cabinet member Benny Gantz. – Reuters

President Biden will soon be confronted with damning evidence of terrorism within the Palestinian Authority Security Forces in a report that challenges his advocacy for a two-state solution and could pave the way for a new diplomatic approach for the Jewish State. – New York Sun

President Biden, keeping Prime Minister Netanyahu at arm’s length, is reportedly considering leaving Israel short of the armaments it needs to fight Hamas. Such a politically based move risks harming America’s global interests. By Sunday, Israel must tell America that it is complying with international restrictions on arms supplies, including by facilitating ample humanitarian assistance to Gaza, the national security adviser, Jacob Sullivan, told reporters Monday, adding that it is yet to do so. – New York Sun

A bipartisan group of senators, led by the chair and ranking member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee — some of the Senate’s most senior foreign policy figures — issued a joint statement on Friday urging Qatar to expel Hamas if hostage negotiations fail. – Jewish Insider

Ori Wertman writes: In light of the lessons of October 7, in which the entire Israeli security echelon was gravely mistaken in its assessment that Hamas had been deterred, it is better to be modest when it comes to Israel’s place and influence in the Middle East region regarding the strengthening and weakening of actors in the Palestinian arena. – Jerusalem Post

Micah Avni writes: In an era marked by shifting global alliances and uncertainties, expanding and augmenting Israel’s nuclear arsenal is crucial for safeguarding its future. This strategic imperative would ensure that Israel remains a significant power in the Middle East, capable of defending its interests and ensuring the security of its citizens, regardless of the changing geopolitical dynamics. – Jerusalem Post

Seth Mandel writes: We have seen a series of figures insist that Israel could’ve done this all differently, and then when pressed for details, they give us… absolutely nothing whatsoever. This is not a television show. Israelis are people—a fact far too rarely acknowledged these days. – Commentary Magazine

Iran

A fact-finding mission mandated by the United Nations said on Monday the death of Mahsa Amini in the custody of Iran’s morality police was unlawful and caused by violence and that Iranian women still suffer systematic discrimination. – Reuters

Mohammadi, 51, won the 2023 award for her campaign for human rights in Iran which has seen her spend much of the last two decades in and out of prison. “The people of Iran are enduring systematic, widespread and institutionalised human rights violations,” she told a UN Human Rights Council session on Iran, in a message read out on her behalf. – Agence France-Presse

Iran’s President Ebrahim Raisi is among the first to congratulate Vladimir Putin on his “decisive” win in Russia’s presidential election, state media reports. – Agence France-Presse

Najmeh Bozorgmehr writes: Such incidents — on top of economic hardship, and the hijacking of the political scene by radical hardliners — further fuel public disillusionment. It is not easy to find people convinced that there will be a brighter tomorrow. But Iranians remain relentless in challenging a system that sees music, dancing, women’s solo singing and women watching football as existential threats. – Financial Times

Shay Khatiri writes: I have not seen my family in a decade, and, worse, was unable to see my father when he fell ill and died two years ago. I was raised in an atheist house. My only faith was in America. I thought that America was a land of dreams, but it is where mine came to die. I left my loving family to come here—never to see them again. They say that hope dies last, and it’s true. I left everything for the hope of an American life that is now dead. – Newsweek

Russia & Ukraine

Europe isn’t where American investors usually turn for growth, but the defense sector is a somewhat depressing exception these days. – Wall Street Journal

When the U.S. and Europe tried to sever Russia from the Western financial system, Moscow found workarounds. Key among them: banks in the Gulf and Europe that maintained ties with Russia. Now, Washington’s efforts to close these loopholes appear to be paying off. – Wall Street Journal

Fresh from an election in which he was the only viable contender, Russia’s Vladimir Putin came out swinging against the West, vowing that peace in Ukraine would come only on his terms, and warning that if NATO put boots on the ground, it could mean nuclear war. – Wall Street Journal

A senior Ukrainian official said on Monday Russian President Vladimir Putin’s idea of creating a buffer zone inside Ukrainian territory was a clear indication that Moscow planned to escalate its war in neighbouring Ukraine. – Reuters

The United States and Japan on Monday proposed a U.N. Security Council resolution stressing that nations should comply with a treaty that bars putting nuclear weapons in space, a message that appeared aimed at Russia. – Reuters

U.S. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin on Tuesday will try and convince European allies that President Joe Biden’s administration is still committed to supporting Ukraine, even as Washington has essentially run out of money to continue arming Kyiv and few signs that Congress will move to replenish funds. – Reuters

Western governments lined up on Monday to condemn Russian President Vladimir Putin’s landslide reelection as unfair and undemocratic, but China, India and North Korea congratulated the veteran leader on extending his rule by a further six years. – Reuters

The development of unmanned systems, or drones, is key to give Kyiv an advantage over “a numerically superior” Russian forces, Ukraine’s Commander-in-Chief Oleksandr Syrskyi said late on Monday. – Reuters

As continued U.S. support for Ukraine remains in question, European leaders have been ramping up their own defense spending and industry capacity. Leading the charge is Estonian Prime Minister Kaja Kallas who, at 46, is Estonia’s first female prime minister. – Fox News

Russia has lost more than 500 armored vehicles per month since the start of its full-scale invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, according to Kyiv’s latest figures. – Newsweek

Michael P. Ferguson writes: There are plenty of policy issues to debate this election year, including how to balance the burden of international security with domestic priorities, and even the appropriate ratio of economic-to-military aid going to Ukraine. The merits of state-sponsored terror as a tool for political reconciliation in the 21st century, however, should not be one of those issues. – The Hill

Alexander J. Motyl writes: Russia’s foreign assets may be redirected toward the victim of its aggression; the Europeans may be able to fill some of the gaps Congress will have created. A Trump presidency would complicate things for Ukraine, but it wouldn’t help Russia win. Putin and his regime have weapons, but they can’t sit on them and they can’t eat them. They’re good for killing Ukrainians and jailing Russians, but they can’t save a regime from its fatal flaws. – The Hill

Nahal Toosi writes: They also need to be patient. Some may not live to see a better future in their native lands. In Russia, Putin has no true rival or clear heir, making the post-Putin world hard to predict. Navalnaya seems determined to forge ahead. “I never wanted to be a politician, I never wanted to speak from the rostrum or write for international media,” she wrote in the Post. “But Putin left me no other choice.” – Politico

Iraq

The head of the International Atomic Energy Agency Rafael Grossi met Iraq’s prime minister in Baghdad on Monday as part of a visit to help the country develop a peaceful nuclear programme. – Reuters

Iraq will reduce its crude exports to 3.3 million barrels a day (bpd) in the coming months to compensate for exceeding its OPEC+ quota since January, the oil ministry said on Monday, a pledge that would cut shipments by 130,000 bpd from last month. – Reuters

The ruling Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) said on Monday it would boycott a parliamentary election in the semi-autonomous Kurdistan Region of Iraq scheduled to be held in June in protest over a ruling issued by the federal supreme court. – Reuters

Turkey

Habip Yapar felt lucky that his home in southern Turkey withstood last year’s devastating earthquake. Then a text message appeared on his phone in October telling him the government was taking ownership of the apartment. – Reuters

Around 50 people including an AFP journalist were detained by police Sunday in Istanbul on the sidelines of the Kurdish New Year celebrations, witnesses said. – Agence France-Presse

Ali Mammadov and Riccardo Gasco write: Particularly in Middle Eastern affairs, Turkey could find common ground more easily with the Trump administration. Regarding NATO or Russia-related issues, the Biden administration might be more effective in working with them. The level of cooperation will be determined depending on the administration’s priorities in foreign policy. Whether pragmatism will win over dependency is yet to be seen. – National Interest

Egypt

Egypt’s foreign minister said on Monday the U.S. should make clear to Israel what the consequences of a military push into the south Gaza city of Rafah on the border with Egypt would be, after Washington voiced opposition to such a move. – Reuters

Israel denied the head of the U.N. Palestinian refugee agency (UNRWA) entry to the Gaza Strip on Monday, UNRWA and Egypt said, calling it an unprecedented move at a time of massive need. – Reuters

The chief actors in this new bit of political theater are the president of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, and Egypt’s president, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi. The protagonists are the thousands of refugees who have already started pushing off from North African shores to get to Europe. – New York Sun

Neville Teller writes: At the current exodus rate, Egypt’s 100,000-capacity refugee facility would be filled in about 18 months. On the other hand, should there be, for whatever reason, a more general breakout of Palestinian refugees from Gaza, Egypt is making sure that it is prepared. – Jerusalem Post

Yemen

Efforts to limit environmental damage from a cargo vessel that sank after a Houthi missile strike and another abandoned during a fiery assault are on hold until attacks on ships ease, the United Nations’ maritime shipping regulatory agency said on Monday. – Reuters

It’s not just merchant ships being targeted by the Houthis in the Red Sea. The US carrier strike group trying to protect them has also been under constant threat too. – BBC

The U.S. military said it destroyed seven missiles and three drones Monday in areas of Yemen controlled by Houthi rebels that presented threats to merchant ships and U.S. Navy vessels. – Agence France-Presse

Elisabeth Braw writes: That’s what makes them such a vexing problem for the U.S. Navy and other navies, shipowners, maritime insurers, and especially for seafarers. But there is another group that should be just as worried about the rampant insecurity on the high seas: ocean conservationists. There is, in fact, a woman with an unsurpassed green platform who could make the growing scourge of maritime terrorism her new cause. (Nearly) everyone would thank you, Greta. – Foreign Policy

Middle East & North Africa

United States Secretary of State Antony Blinken will visit the Middle East this week, the U.S. State Department said on Tuesday, as Washington pushes for a ceasefire between Israel and Hamas in Gaza to allow the release of hostages kidnapped by the Palestinian militant group. – Reuters

Israel early on Tuesday launched missiles at several military targets outside the Syrian capital Damascus resulting in some “material damage,” Syria’s defense ministry said. – Reuters

Algeria vowed to retaliate against Morocco’s plan to annex the site of its former embassy, upping tensions between the long-feuding neighbors on Europe’s doorstep. – Bloomberg

Yigal Carmon writes: To sum up the American alliance with Qatar: Imagine the rehabilitation of post-World War II Germany and the Marshall Plan being implemented with the remnants of the Nazi Party. How would that work out? Involving Qatar in the humanitarian aid port project and the resolution of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict would mean the same. – MEMRI

Korean Peninsula

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has overseen firing drills by artillery units in the western region involving “newly-equipped super-large” multiple rocket launchers, state media KCNA said on Tuesday. – Reuters

A delegation led by Russia’s vice culture minister and including an art troupe arrived in North Korea on Monday, the official KCNA news agency said on Tuesday. – Reuters

China rebuked South Korea on Monday for Taiwan’s participation in a U.S.-backed democracy summit in Seoul, where the island’s Digital Minister Audrey Tang delivered an unannounced video message. – Reuters

North Korea has shipped around 7,000 containers filled with munitions and other military equipment to Russia since last year to help support its war in Ukraine, South Korea’s defense minister said Monday. – Associated Press

North Korea’s leader Kim Jong-un may have another more immediate reason for conducting all those missile tests aside from the desire to intimidate South Korea and its American ally.“It’s possible,” South Korea’s defense minister, Shin Won-sik, believes, that “they are testing new weapons for sale to the Russians.” – New York Sun

North Korean state media has referred to Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un’s daughter using an honorific typically reserved for the country’s leadership, which analysts say could suggest she’s being groomed as her father’s heir apparent. – Newsweek

Damon Wilson and Lynn Lee write: South Korea will find its own pathway to regional and global leadership, and other democracies can provide valuable partnership along the way. South Korea is already an impressive democracy and vibrant market economy. It can build on these achievements to emerge as a global democratic leader. One day, the Korean Wave may be known not only for its cultural capital, but also for spurring a more democratic future. – Foreign Policy

China

Chinese factories are flooding global markets with cars, appliances, computer chips and electronics, setting the stage for a fresh round of trade tensions with the United States and Europe, economists said. – Washington Post

Australian business leaders are set to meet China’s foreign minister in Canberra, saying their country lacks knowledge of its biggest trading partner and that they will seek insight on how Beijing views Washington, which is “critical” to trade flow. – Reuters

New Zealand’s prime minister Christopher Luxon intends to travel to China in the coming months following meetings with China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi in New Zealand this week. – Reuters

New Zealand shared with China its concerns about rising tensions in the South China Sea and the Taiwan Strait during a meeting on Monday between the foreign ministers of both countries. – Reuters

For leaders across the West, Vladimir Putin’s inevitable landslide win in an election without true opposition was a reminder of his tight control over Russia’s political arena as his war against Ukraine grinds on. But Chinese leader Xi Jinping, and other leaders benefiting from Putin’s rejection of a Western-led global order, will be cheering his victory. – CNN

South Asia

They awake in the mornings to find another family has left. Half of one village, the entirety of the next have departed in the years since the water dried up — in search of jobs, of food, of any means of survival. Those who remain pick apart the abandoned homes and burn the bits for firewood. – New York Times

Pakistan remained one of the world’s three smoggiest countries in 2023, as Bangladesh and India replaced Chad and Iran, with particulate matter about 15 times the level recommended by the World Health Organization, data published on Tuesday showed. – Reuters

India’s foreign ministry said on Tuesday that China was making “absurd claims” over Arunachal Pradesh, adding that the northeastern state which shares a border with China will always be an “integral and inalienable part of India”. – Reuters

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres is alarmed by reports that military airstrikes in Myanmar, including on Monday in Minbya township, have killed and injured many civilians, a U.N. spokesman said. – Reuters

Retired Gen. Mark Milley, the former Joint Chiefs of Staff chair, is set to testify on Tuesday at a high-stakes House committee hearing on the Biden administration’s 2021 withdrawal from Afghanistan. – The Hill

Asia

David shouldn’t rely too much on slingshots to repel Goliath. He’ll need plenty of tanks and jet fighters too. That is the takeaway for defense officials and scholars in Taiwan from the latest developments in Ukraine, where Kyiv has struggled to block Russian advances while waiting for allies to deliver more powerful hardware. – Wall Street Journal

U.S. President Joe Biden will host Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos Jr for a summit in Washington on April 11 to discuss economic relations and the Indo-Pacific, the White House said on Monday. – Reuters

Armenia could face a war with Azerbaijan if it does not compromise with Baku and return four Azerbaijani villages it has held since the early 1990s, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan said in a video published on Tuesday. – Reuters

Taiwan’s vice president-elect and former de facto ambassador to Washington, Hsiao Bi-khim, is on a visit to the Czech Republic following a low-key trip to the United States, the foreign ministry said on Tuesday. – Reuters

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken hailed on Tuesday a recent strengthening of defence ties with the Philippines as “extraordinary”, saying they would only grow further, though Washington’s expanding alliances were not aimed at China. – Reuters

Vietnam has called on China to abide by maritime law after Beijing declared earlier this month that it was expanding its territorial claims with a new baseline in the South China Sea’s Gulf of Tonkin. – Newsweek

The U.S. wrapped up three major exercises in the Indo-Pacific recently: Exercise Cobra Gold 2024 in Thailand, Exercise Freedom Shield 24 in Korea and Exercise Iron Fist 24 in Japan. – USNI News

Vincent Chao writes: It will be indicative of whether the global community can work together to avert a disaster of catastrophic proportions—one that would leave no corner of the world untouched. To do so, the issue must be “managed very carefully,” as Zakaria points out. But at the same time, we must also be clear-eyed in calling out irresponsible actors as they emerge—for to do so otherwise would be a disservice to our shared pursuit of peace. – National Interest

Riley Walters writes: Likewise, hopefully Kishida can take home faith that America’s alliance with Japan is more important than the fate of one company—that political opposition to the steel deal stems from deep-seeded protectionism and not discrimination against Japan. It is in everyone’s interest that the US-Japan economic partnership can swiftly move past this incident. – Hudson Institute

Europe

British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak’s contentious bill to deport asylum seekers to Rwanda moved closer to becoming law on Monday after his government rejected all the proposed changes from the upper house of parliament. – Reuters

The European Union on Monday pledged to spend an initial 7.7 billion euros ($8.39 billion) on humanitarian aid in 2024, less than last year despite soaring needs in Gaza and elsewhere. – Reuters

Europe must strengthen its defence capabilities and shift to a “war economy” mode in response to the threat posed by Russia, European Council President Charles Michel said on Monday. – Reuters

A senior U.S. official visited Montenegro Monday to offer support to the small Balkan nation seeking to join the European Union. – Associated Press

A drone strike at a military installation in Moldova’s breakaway republic of Transnistria on Sunday destroyed a helicopter and ignited a fire, authorities in the pro-Russia region said. The area’s pro-Russia officials blamed the strike on Ukraine. – Associated Press

Foreign ministers of the European Union agreed on new sanctions related to the death of the Russian opposition leader Alexey Navalny in an Arctic prison last month. – Bloomberg

The European Union has prepared legislation that would see Ukraine start to receive profits generated by frozen Russian sovereign assets as early as July. – Bloomberg

Moldovan President Maia Sandu announced that a referendum on European Union membership will be held in October as she seeks to ensure the nation of 2.6 million maintains progress toward joining the bloc. – Bloomberg

Which is more important to the European Union: Ukraine joining the bloc or Europe’s farmers? The EU doesn’t want to say much in public about admitting new members amid a backdrop of angry farmers staging sometimes violent protests across the continent. – Politico

Former President Obama dropped by No. 10 Downing St. for an “informal” meeting with United Kingdom Prime Minster Rishi Sunak on Monday, Downing Street officials confirmed to The Hill. – The Hill

Matthew A. Winkler writes: That didn’t happen, of course, and UK productivity and global trade have been in a funk ever since. No one doubts now that Brexit hindered rather than helped the ailing British economy. Unlike the EU, Britain showed no confidence in the motto of the US that became the inspiration for the EU: E Pluribus Unum. – Bloomberg

Africa

Gambian lawmakers have voted to advance a measure revoking a ban on female genital cutting by removing legal protections for millions of girls, raising fears that other countries could follow suit. – New York Times

The Pentagon is working with Niger officials, seeking a way for U.S. troops to stay in the country — a key base for counterterrorism operations in sub-Saharan Africa — following a weekend directive that they leave. – Associated Press

Gunmen in Nigeria kidnapped around 100 people, including women and children, in two weekend attacks in Kaduna state, residents and police said on Monday. – Reuters

Somali police and international navies were preparing on Monday to attack a commercial ship that was hijacked by pirates last week, the Puntland region’s police force said, two days after Indian commandos rescued another cargo vessel held by pirates. – Reuters

A court in the Democratic Republic of Congo on Monday found Congolese journalist Stanis Bujakera guilty of spreading false information among other charges, and sentenced him to six months in prison, his lawyer said. […]Local and international rights groups including Reporters Without Borders and Amnesty International had condemned Bujakera’s detention, calling it an attack on press freedom. – Reuters

Burkina Faso reported an outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N1 bird flu on a farm located in its capital Ouagadougou, the World Organisation for Animal Health (WOAH) said on Monday. – Reuters

In mid-December, the powerful paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) swept into Sudan’s central Al Jazira state, known as the country’s breadbasket, with an ultimatum: “Enlist or die.” Since then, the militia group has sought to use food as a weapon, withholding supplies from the hungry in a bid to coerce men and boys to join its ranks, according to over three dozen witnesses.” – CNN

South Africa is under fire for spending millions of dollars talking to terror group Hamas and sending delegations for cozy negotiations with U.S. adversaries Russia and Iran. Some critics say the money would be better spent tackling the “chaos” back home. – Fox News

Ido Levy writes: A robust coordination mechanism, perhaps a U.S.-run joint operations center, could help make the contributions of each greater than the sum of their parts. Such an institution could also increase transparency among the three while mitigating the risk that their geopolitical rivalry will compromise the fight against al-Shabab. – Washington Institute

Emilia Columbo writes: President Filipe Nyusi’s statements last year encouraging fighters to demobilize and reintegrate with society was an important signal to members who had potentially been forcibly recruited or had become disillusioned with the group, but absent clear government policies toward demobilized fighters and a reintegration process for them, likely did not serve its purpose. Formalizing a demobilization process and documenting its success to encourage other fighters to join will be a key step toward weakening the capacity of this group and its legitimacy. – Center for Strategic and International Studies

Latin America

At least ten people were killed in a wealthy suburb of Haiti’s capital on Monday, there were reports of looting, and thefts of electricity equipment cut the power supply as lawlessness spread to affluent areas and gangs tightened their grip on the city. – Reuters

Panama’s maritime authority said on Monday it has no knowledge of ships owned by Iranians being in its registry, following concerns from U.S. authorities on the matter. – Reuters

U.S. Vice President Kamala Harris will meet with Guatemala’s new liberal president, Bernardo Arévalo, at the White House next week to discuss bolstering democracy and addressing the “root causes” of migration from Central America, officials told Reuters. – Reuters

Panama on Monday accused Nicaragua of meddling in its internal affairs by allowing former Panamanian President Ricardo Martinelli to continue taking swipes at the justice system and promoting his political allies from within the walls of the Nicaraguan embassy. – Associated Press

The Biden administration warned Cuba’s government that human rights must be respected as social unrest builds on the impoverished, communist-run Caribbean island. Both sides sharpened their diplomatic rhetoric Monday after hundreds took to the streets in eastern cities over the weekend to protest against shortages of electricity, fuel and food. – Bloomberg

President Gustavo Petro is trying to build popular support for his bid to overhaul Colombia’s constitution, which faces long odds of success given legislative and judicial hurdles. – Bloomberg

Cuban officials are pushing every button at their disposal to get the Biden administration’s attention, offering talks on previously off-the-table issues such as human rights amid internal protests over the country’s worst economic crisis since the end of the Cold War. – The Hill

A group of Florida Republicans is asking President Biden to allow the Navy to conduct maritime interdictions and interceptions of migrants fleeing from Haiti amid the unfolding chaos in the country. – The Hill

United States

Donald Trump accused Jews who support Democrats of hating their religion and Israel, resurfacing an attack he made as president on many Jewish Americans. – Bloomberg

Editorial: At present the U.S. doesn’t appear willing to help Ukraine stave off defeat or Israel clinch victory. The world is watching, and the key for the Middle East isn’t to see that Israel can compromise with the Palestinians, but that it can carry U.S. support all the way to victory against Iran-backed terrorism. – Wall Street Journal

Walter Russell Mead writes: Crows cluster where scarecrows fail. If Team Biden wants a world with fewer challenges to the American order, it must restore respect for American power, competence and will. Step one would be to submit a serious defense budget to the Congress, one that demonstrates American resolve to support our friends and deter our adversaries in key global theaters. – Wall Street Journal

Cybersecurity

Australia’s online safety regulator has put social media giants on notice, requiring them to explain what they are doing to to protect people from violent extremists and terrorists. – Associated Press

Democratic countries around the world should band together to confront the threat of AI used by malign states to threaten free elections and spread misinformation, British Deputy Prime Minister Oliver Dowden said on Tuesday. – Reuters

A new variant of the wiper malware used to disrupt Ukrainian military communications at the onset of the Russian invasion emerged over the weekend, demonstrating what researchers describe as the continuing development of a tool used to carry out one of the most notable cyberattacks of the war. – CyberScoop

The Department of Homeland Security on Monday released its first-ever artificial intelligence roadmap, which is meant to spell out the agency’s current use of the technologies and its plans for the future. – CyberScoop

Cyberattacks targeting Russia failed to have an impact on the country’s elections, Russia’s internet watchdog said, after officials warned of “massive” efforts to disrupt the presidential vote. – The Record

Six new countries have joined an international effort to counter the proliferation and misuse of commercial spyware. – The Record

The U.S. government has yet to learn the full extent of a massive Chinese espionage campaign that targeted American critical infrastructure, according to a senior National Security Agency official. – The Record

Defense

If Congress fails to pass a $105 billion supplemental national security funding bill, the chairman of the Senate’s Armed Services Committee said he could back a fiscal 2025 defense authorization bill that busts the $850 billion spending cap imposed by last year’s debt-ceiling agreement. – Breaking Defense

Thanks to efforts across successive administrations, it is now taken as fact that the Defense Department needs to bring in the commercial tech sector to help fill critical gaps. – Breaking Defense

The Space Development Agency’s planned constellations for data relay and missile warning/missile tracking will be operational and providing service to commanders on a region-by-region basis by the end of 2025, according to SDA Director Derek Tournear. – Breaking Defense

Elizabeth Beavers writes: Thus, it is far past time for Congress to go beyond simply denouncing unauthorized wars. What is needed is a truly co-equal branch of government that makes it harder to unleash the destructive power of the military without robust debate. Elected leaders should go beyond asking to be included in these decisions, and instead start opposing failed strategies on the merits utilizing every tool in their legislative toolbox. – War on the Rocks