Fdd's overnight brief

December 5, 2023

FDD Research & Analysis

In The News

Israel

Israeli and Hamas are locked in some of their fiercest fighting of the two-month-old war, including at close quarters, as Israel launched its offensive in the south while trying to finish its operations in and around Gaza City. – Wall Street Journal

Israel has assembled a system of large pumps it could use to flood Hamas’s vast network of tunnels under the Gaza Strip with seawater, a tactic that could destroy the tunnels and drive the fighters from their underground refuge but also threaten Gaza’s water supply, U.S. officials said. – Wall Street Journal

The nightly exodus begins at dusk. “Don’t forget your pajamas,” Ahlam Abu Gutna, 45, told her three children as she gathered them on the roof of the family’s two-story house last Tuesday evening for a quick embrace. – Washington Post 

At least 63 journalists and media workers have been killed in the Israel-Gaza war since Oct. 7, according to the Committee to Protect Journalists. October was the deadliest month for journalists since the organization started gathering data in 1992. Eleven journalists have been reported injured, and 22 missing or arrested. – Washington Post

The body of one woman had “nails and different objects in her female organs.” In another house, a person’s genitals were so mutilated that “we couldn’t identify if it was a man or a woman.” – New York Times

The corruption trial of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel resumed on Monday, bringing back into focus the legal and political challenges he faces even as he presides over the Israeli military’s war in Gaza. – New York Times

A rocket most likely fired by Hamas militants during their Oct. 7 attack on Israel struck an Israeli military base where, experts say, many of the country’s nuclear-capable missiles are based, according to a visual analysis of the attack’s aftermath by The New York Times. – New York Times

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Monday spoke with Argentine President-elect Javier Milei and thanked him for his intention to move Argentina’s embassy to Jerusalem, Netanyahu’s office said. – Reuters

The World Health Organization (WHO) said on Monday it had been forced to move supplies from a WHO medical warehouse in southern Gaza within a 24-hour period after a warning from the Israeli military that ground operations there would make it inaccessible. – Reuters

Eight released Israeli hostages wrote a letter to the International Committee of the Red Cross on Monday, asking the humanitarian organization to provide medical assistance and to visit their relatives still being held by Hamas in Gaza. – Reuters

Israeli authorities are investigating claims by U.S. researchers that some investors may have known in advance of a Hamas plan to attack Israel on Oct. 7 and used that information to profit from Israeli securities. – Reuters

The United States said on Monday it was too soon to make a final judgment on whether Israel was doing enough to protect civilians in Gaza despite some improvements and that it expected Israeli forces not to strike zones they have identified as safe. – Reuters

Approximately two civilians have been killed for every dead Hamas fighter in the Gaza Strip, senior military officials said Monday, adding that the IDF was deploying high-tech mapping software to try to reduce noncombatant deaths. – Agence France-Presse

A US official said Monday that Hamas terrorists likely held back on freeing female hostages, leading to the end of a weeklong ceasefire with Israel, because it did not want them to speak publicly about sexual violence. – Agence France-Presse

Biden administration officials have spent weeks quietly drafting a multiphase postwar game plan that envisions a revamped Palestinian Authority ultimately taking over the Gaza Strip. – POLITICO

A spokesman for the U.S. State Department says that Hamas’ claim that it has released all non-combatant women as well as children in its custody is untrue and that the terrorist group at Gaza is refusing to release them for fear of what they may tell the Israeli government and public about their time in captivity. – New York Sun

As part of efforts to get Red Cross representatives to check on the remaining Israeli hostages, the president of the International Committee of the Red Cross, Mirjana Spoljaric Egger, is set to visit Egypt and the Gaza Strip on Monday, according to a report by Israel’s Army Radio.  – New York Sun

The IDF on Tuesday confirmed the death of two soldiers and an officer killed in action in the Gaza Strip. It was later reported that the three were killed by anti-tank fire on the outskirts of Gaza City’s Shijaiyah neighborhood, a key Hamas stronghold. – Ynet

Israel should not have agreed that Qatar mediate regarding its conflict with Hamas, Amichai Chikli, Diaspora Affairs and Combating Antisemitism Minister told The Jerusalem Post. – Jerusalem Post

The top commanders of the Israel Defense Forces were aware, in the hours, days and months that preceded the Hamas-led devastating October 7 onslaught in southern Israel, that the Palestinian terror group was drilling intensively for a planned large-scale invasion, and the Hamas leader even said publicly that this was his plan — but the military still didn’t act and even diverted forces away from the Gaza front, believing that this was empty boasting and that the terror group wasn’t interested in war, according to Hebrew media reports Monday. – Times of Israel

Hamas’ attack on Israel on October 7 caught the Israeli army unprepared. But somebody seemingly knew in advance and made billions betting against Israeli shares traded locally and on Wall Street five days before the attack. – Haaretz

Hamas has recently declared the establishment of a new terrorist group in Lebanon, to be called “The Al-Aqsa Flood Pioneers,” Israel Hayom reported. The move has drawn extensive criticism from residents of Lebanon and brought up long-forgotten events. – Arutz Sheva

Editorial: As Daniel Lifshitz, the grandson of Yocheved Lifshitz (who has been released by Hamas) and Oded Lifshitz (who remains in captivity), has said, Israel must “return immediately to the negotiating table.” Israel must be ready to pay whatever the price is in order to bring her sons and daughters home. Time is running out. – Haaretz

Yonatan Touval writes: The secretary general is not solely responsible for the UN’s diminishing role in global leadership. Other factors, including the so-called “crisis of multilateralism,” have played a key role. But in an international environment that is becoming only more challenging, Mr. Guterres’s detachment is more than just a flaw; it is a failure in leadership. – Haaretz

Iran

Iran‘s U.N. envoy, Amir Saeid Iravani, said his country has not been involved in any actions or attacks against U.S. military forces, the semi-official Tasnim news agency reported on Tuesday. – Reuters

Lawrence J. Haas writes: In addition, on its own and through the International Atomic Energy Agency, Washington should step up financial, diplomatic, and other pressure on Iran over its nuclear progress, rather than ease up in the vain hope of reviving the 2015 global nuclear deal with Iran. U.S. failure to do so since Tehran this fall ejected a third of the IAEA’s inspectors on the ground can only further encourage the regime. – National Interest

Joseph Rozen writes: Although there is still some pressure on Iran, the effectiveness of sanctions is debatable. The Iranian leadership is very flexible in its ways to evade sanctions, leaving the Iranians to suffer as a result of the sanctions, especially when these are focusing on financing channels. Yes, the economy plunged, but that did not change the behavior and ambitions of the Iranian regime. – National Interest

Michael Pompeo and Peter Rough write: The Biden administration’s attempts to appease Russia and Iran ended with war in both Europe and the Middle East. In this light, its recent courtship of the PRC should be cause for concern. A major war with the PRC in the Western Pacific would be the costliest conflict of all. A strong American posture in Asia that backs Taiwan fully and supports major allies like South Korea and Japan is the best way to preserve the peace. – The Messenger

Rachel Avraham writes: She concluded: “Any cultural activists are arrested and persecuted. The international community should support this movement and fight against the militias in Yemen, Lebanon, Gaza and everywhere. Political dissidents are not safe in Europe. They are kidnapped, targeted and sometimes killed. We witnessed so many cases where political dissidents were targeted and killed. We should stop this ethnic cleansing of non-Persian populations in Iran and give them equal rights and political representation, and say no to forced hijab and yes to women, life and freedom.” – Arutz Sheva

Russia & Ukraine

In early August, police in Russia’s rural northwest were called to the scene of a mass murder. In the charred remains of two homes set ablaze hours earlier, they found the burned, mutilated bodies of six local residents. – Wall Street Journal

Monday marks 250 days since Gershkovich, an American citizen accredited to work as a foreign correspondent by Russian authorities, was detained by officers from Russia’s Federal Security Service during a reporting trip in the city of Yekaterinburg on March 29. The 32-year-old is being held on an allegation of espionage that he, the Journal and the U.S. government vehemently deny. – Wall Street Journal

President Vladimir Putin was shown a simulation of the “nuclear button” but declined to press it on Monday as he toured a vast exhibition of Russian achievements in what looked like a warm-up for an imminent re-election campaign. – Reuters

Russian air defence systems destroyed or intercepted a total of 41 Ukraine-launched drones overnight and early morning on Tuesday, the Russian defence ministry said. – Reuters

Major General Vladimir Zavadsky, deputy commander of Russia’s 14th Army Corps, has been killed in Ukraine, a top regional official said on Monday. – Reuters

Ukraine’s military said on Monday it attacked oil depots in the Russia-controlled Ukrainian city of Luhansk a day earlier. – Reuters

Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelenskyy will address U.S. senators by video Tuesday during a classified briefing as the Biden administration urges Congress to approve the White House’s nearly $106 billion request for funds for the wars in Ukraine, Israel and other security needs. – Associated Press

While Ukrainian diplomats take part in negotiations at the United Nations COP28 climate talks, Russia’s war on the country lurks just in the background — even as the United Arab Emirates has seen its business ties to Moscow surge despite Western sanctions. – Associated Press

Russia used disinformation and unsubstantiated claims in a plan to lobby officials in at least a dozen countries as part of an unsuccessful bid to retain a seat on the board of the international chemical weapons watchdog. – Bloomberg

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg warned there could be bad news coming out about Ukraine, as fears grow of a stalemate with Russia and allies such as the U.S. debate whether to send more aid to the country. – The Hill

Russia has recruited over 100,000 convicts from penal colonies to fight in Ukraine since the war began in February 2022, Newsweek has found. – Newsweek

Kyiv Mayor Vitali Klitschko has accused Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky of lying about how Ukraine is faring in its ongoing war with Russia. – Newsweek

Elena Davlikanova writes: Russia continues to nurture its global power ambitions and, while it is unable to fulfill them now, it will keep trying. A report by the German Council on Foreign Relations predicts Russia will be ready to attack NATO within six to ten years after a possible Ukrainian defeat. In alliance with China and Iran, Russia seeks to become a proud leader of the unfree world. – Center for European Policy Analysis

Heather Williams, Kelsey Hartigan, Lachlan MacKenzie, and Reja Younis write: The Kremlin will likely continue to use nuclear threats to influence Western behavior.  A collapse of the Russian army in Ukraine appears unlikely, and there is no reason to expect nuclear escalation in the near future. However, continuing to monitor and analyze Russian nuclear signaling will be critical for understanding and controlling the risks of nuclear use as the war continues. – Center For Strategic & International Studies

Turkey

Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan said on Monday that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu would eventually be tried as a war criminal over Israel’s ongoing offensive in the Gaza Strip, while slamming Western countries supporting Israel. – Reuters

Turkey warned Israel’s spy agency not to try to kill members of Hamas on its soil, using backchannels to convey the message following reports of plans to assassinate leaders of the Palestinian militant group overseas. – Bloomberg

Editorial: There is plenty of room for legitimate criticism in international relations, but this is not criticism: it is the desperate cry of a leader who thinks his actions will not carry any consequences. It is time for Israel and the international community to show him that this is not the case. – Jerusalem Post

Zvi Bar’el writes: The minute that the idea of elections is on the agenda, it is hard to see how Hamas can be kept out of them. It will compete in them, even if it is under some other name like the Palestinian Green party. And, if Hamas has a political future, Erdogan will want to be a partner after being excluded to date from the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. – Haaretz

Arabian Peninsula

War risk insurance premiums edged up for Red Sea voyages after three vessels were attacked in the area on Sunday and fears grow over worsening perils for commercial shipping, maritime and insurance sources said on Monday. – Reuters

Russian President Vladimir Putin will visit the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia this week, Russian news outlet Shot reported on Monday, citing Putin’s aide Yury Ushakov. – Reuters

Bill Gates’ advanced nuclear reactor company TerraPower LLC and the United Arab Emirates’ state owned nuclear company ENEC said on Monday they have agreed to study the potential development of advanced reactors in the UAE and abroad. – Reuters

When will it start to dawn on America and Israel that Qatar is a big part of the problem that led the Mideast to war, rather than the solution? The question is relevant as Doha launches a renewed campaign to bolster its image as the region’s good guy. – New York Sun

The U.S. response to attacks in the Red Sea, repelling fire from the Iran-backed Houthi movement in Yemen, has added a new dimension to the conflict between Israel and Hamas, with fears that violence may spill out across surrounding Arab nations. – Newsweek

The U.S. is talking with other partner countries to possibly set up a maritime task force to protect ships in the Red Sea, the White House National Security Advisor said on Monday. – USNI News

Middle East & North Africa

Vice President Kamala Harris’s trip to the Middle East over the weekend was both a major foray into wartime diplomacy and an effort to show that the administration is taking a harder line with Israel about the civilian toll of its war against Hamas. – New York Times

Cyprus President Nikos Christodoulides will visit Egypt and Jordan on Tuesday as part of an initiative to establish a humanitarian aid corridor to Israeli-besieged Gaza. – Reuters

Selin Uysal writes: At the same time, partners who want to loosen Iran’s grip on Iraq would be wise to maintain pressure and close monitoring on political issues where the court has overstepped: the election and government formation processes, the various disputes between Baghdad and Erbil, and Iraq’s international obligations, including agreements with Gulf states. Countering Iranian influence inside the judiciary itself will require the West to play the long game, in part by developing academic cooperation and training for the next generation of judges. – Washington Institute

Simon Henderson writes:  It is the 18-mile wide passage between Arabia and Africa through which much international shipping passes, including significant amounts of trade in oil and natural gas. U.S. military might is being shown to be less than the taxpayers have been led to believe — especially because no less than two carrier strike groups have been deployed to the region, one in the eastern Mediterranean and the other in the Persian Gulf. – The Messenger

Korean Peninsula

South Korea on Monday successfully conducted a flight of a solid-fuel rocket carrying a satellite over the sea near Jeju Island, the defence ministry said, amid a growing space race with neighbouring North Korea. – Reuters

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has said it is a duty of women to halt a fall in the country’s births in order to strengthen national power, state media said Monday, as his government steps up the call for the people to have more children. – Associated Press

Brazilian aerospace firm Embraer has won a South Korean military tender for transport planes, the company announced Monday – Defense News

China

China is trying to defuse a financial time bomb that could severely damage its banking system. Cities and provinces across the country have accumulated a massive amount of hidden debt following years of unchecked borrowing and spending. – Wall Street Journal

Prominent Pro-democracy activist Agnes Chow said she was exiling herself in Canada after getting her passport back from police in return for taking a patriotic trip to China, an exchange that sheds light on Hong Kong’s efforts to re-educate political opponents. – Wall Street Journal

China hopes to boost relations with the European Union at an upcoming summit, with a firm focus on pragmatic cooperation in the face of complex situations and severe challenges, its foreign minister Wang Yi said. – Reuters

New satellite imagery has revealed Chinese expansion into territory previously controlled by Bhutan even as China continues to negotiate a border agreement with its neighbor to the south. – Newsweek

South Asia

During its 20-year armed campaign, the Taliban repeatedly banned door-to-door immunization campaigns, helping to make Afghanistan one of only two countries where naturally acquired poliovirus is still endemic. – Washington Post

White House deputy national security adviser Jon Finer led a U.S. delegation to New Delhi on Monday where he noted the formation of an investigative panel by India to probe an unsuccessful plot to assassinate a Sikh separatist on U.S. soil. – Reuters

Nepal said it has asked Moscow not to recruit its citizens into the Russian army and immediately send back any Nepali soldier commissioned there back to the Himalayan nation after revealing six soldiers serving Russia’s military had been killed. – Reuters

Four children, aged 7 to 10, and an adult were injured in an explosion in the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar early on Tuesday, hospital and rescue officials said. – Reuters

Police in Pakistan arrested at least 17 suspects in the weekend bus shooting that left 10 people dead and 25 others wounded, authorities said Monday. – Associated Press

Mihir Sharma writes: Can the opposition transform this influence into power at the national level? It’s not hard, theoretically, to see how the BJP could lose: If a general election is fought the way they were before Modi exploded onto the national political scene in 2014, as an aggregation of lots of state and local contests, then the Hindu nationalists could well see their majority crumble. – Bloomberg

Asia

U.S. and Japanese rescue divers have found human remains and wreckage from the U.S. military Osprey aircraft that crashed last week into the sea near southern Japan with eight people onboard, the U.S. Air Force said Monday. – Washington Post

Papua New Guinea will recruit Australian police officers for key positions in its national police force under a wide-ranging security deal to be signed this week that also covers defence and biosecurity, Papua New Guinea’s minister of state said. – Reuters

Philippine Vice President Sara Duterte on Monday opposed President Ferdinand Marcos Jr.’s peace negotiations with communist rebels, in yet another issue that could test their alliance. – Bloomberg

France plans to allow Australia’s naval forces to operate out of its military facilities in the Pacific, the latest sign of a return to warmer relations after a feud over Aukus two years ago. – Bloomberg

Lynne O’Donnell writes: Following America’s lead, most Western governments will not support armed resistance against the Taliban. Reluctance to return to war in Afghanistan is understandable, Schindler said, but “you could reach out to opposition groups and make sure that when they convene everyone turns up who should be inside the tent to facilitate the emergence of an alternative vision for Afghanistan beyond the Taliban regime.” – Foreign Policy

Europe

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban demanded on Monday that a summit of European Union leaders next week avoid any decision on Ukraine’s coveted goal of getting a green light for membership talks even as the country fights Russia’s invasion. – Reuters

British Home Secretary James Cleverly will arrive in Rwanda on Tuesday to sign a new treaty to send asylum seekers to the African nation after the UK’s top court declared the deportation scheme unlawful. – Reuters

The first 30 empty lorries drove through a newly opened Uhryniv-Dolhobychuv crossing on the Ukrainian-Polish border, which Kyiv hopes will offer relief as Polish driver protests blocked other land corridors, Ukraine’s border service said on Monday. – Reuters

India and the UK have begun crunch-time talks to secure a landmark free-trade deal, as leaders on both sides seek to resolve outstanding issues before they face election battles next year. – Bloomberg

Over four years the files suggest that key suspects, including former Member of the European Parliament Pier Antonio Panzeri and his aide Francesco Giorgi, meticulously recorded alleged attempts to manipulate the Parliament, the EU’s foremost democratic body, and wider policy debates. – Politico

French Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin reportedly told TF1 television on Sunday that the country was “durably under threat from Islamist terrorism” after a prosecutor identified the French 26-year-old born to Iranian parents accused of fatally stabbing a German tourist and injuring two others steps away from the Eiffel Tower in Paris over the weekend.  – Fox News

Africa

The United States on Monday expanded a visa restriction policy on Ugandan officials to include those it believes are responsible for undermining democracy and repressing marginalized groups in Uganda, while also announcing a new visa restriction policy for officials in Zimbabwe. – Reuters

Niger’s ruling junta has revoked the country’s military partnership with the European Union, the foreign ministry said on Monday, withdrawing its permission for an EU programme set up to bolster the security forces. – Reuters

The United States imposed sanctions on Monday on three former Sudanese officials for their role in undermining peace, security and stability in Sudan, the Treasury Department said. – Reuters

Civilians were killed in Nigeria’s northern Kaduna state following a military drone attack targeting insurgents and bandits on Sunday night, the state governor, a religious leader and witnesses said on Monday. – Reuters

Guinea-Bissau President Umaro Sissoco Embalo dissolved parliament in a decree on Monday that accused the government of passivity in the face of violence last week that he said was an attempted coup. – Reuters

Border officials in South Africa say they have intercepted dozens of buses carrying more than 400 young children from Zimbabwe without parents or legal guardians in an anti-trafficking operation. – Associated Press

In order to deal with the impact of the heavy rains, President Samia Suluhu Hassan is cutting short her attendance at the COP28 climate summit in Dubai. – BBC

Alex de Waal and Abdul Mohammed write: He is pushing for an emergency summit of East African leaders next week, where he will have the chance to submit bold proposals. Without action at the highest level, America risks becoming a near-silent witness to another genocide. Mr. Biden can change that. But he has only a few days left to make the call. – New York Times

Michael Rubin writes: While some Liberian war criminals have faced justice, those who profited from the deaths of perhaps a quarter million people, many women and children, have for too long walked free. Weah violated his pre-presidency promise to stand up the War and Economic Crimes Court. Boakai should not. The United States, Europe, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), and Sierra Leone should unite to make clear: the War and Economic Crimes Court is not about political retribution. – American Enterprise Institute

Latin America

A former senior U.S. diplomat who served in embassies across Latin America was accused of spying for Cuba’s intelligence service for decades in one of the highest-reaching and longest-lasting security breaches of the U.S. government, according to a criminal complaint unsealed Monday. – Wall Street Journal

Guyana will remain vigilant after a Venezuelan referendum rejected an international court’s jurisdiction over a territorial dispute between the neighboring countries, Vice-President Bharrat Jagdeo said on Monday. – Reuters

Editorial: Biden should make clear that he will not tolerate Maduro doing to Guyana what Saddam Hussein did to Kuwait. Encouraging our South American ally Colombia and partners such as Brazil and Argentina to join his warning, Biden should state plainly that any move on Guyana would meet severe repercussions, at least an oil embargo and sanctions to weaken Maduro’s hold on power. Biden should add that a military response would also be possible. – Washington Examiner

United States

The White House issued an urgent warning to Congress on Monday about Ukraine’s need for additional aid to help it resist Russia’s invasion, with Office of Management and Budget Director Shalanda Young bluntly writing in a letter to congressional leaders that the United States is “out of money to support Ukraine in this fight.” – Washington Post

The United States is running out of time and money to help Ukraine fight its war against Russia, White House officials warned on Monday. – Reuters

The United States will work with partners in the intelligence community to assess any long-term national security implications after a former U.S. ambassador to Bolivia was charged with spying for Cuba for over 40 years, U.S. State Department spokesperson Matthew Miller said on Monday. – Reuters

U.S. President Joe Biden is relying on a small group of veteran advisers to help navigate the Israel-Hamas conflict that has killed thousands, split Western allies and risks spiraling into a wider war. – Reuters

As a cease-fire ticked down last week and Israel prepared to resume its round-the-clock airstrikes, Sen. Bernie Sanders and a robust group of Democratic senators had a message for their president: They were done “asking nicely” for Israel to do more to reduce civilian casualties in Gaza. – Associated Press

Daniel Silverberg and Elena McGovern write: If the U.S. spreads its efforts too thin or focuses primarily on military power at the expense of economic diplomacy, it will lose this competition. But if it musters its finances and those of allied partners to address this most dire of Chinese economic threats, it will have a fighting chance. – Wall Street Journal

Lora Ries writes: Instead, funds should be channeled to ICE law enforcement agents to locate and detain the national security threats inside the U.S. to prevent potential terror attacks. Congress should also review the Giammattei plan and explore similar initiatives with interested partners in Latin America. – Fox News

Cybersecurity

A bipartisan group of House lawmakers on Monday introduced a bill to reauthorize the intelligence communities warrantless spy powers with new restrictions on accessing data collected on Americans and greater penalties for law enforcement who violate the law. – The Hill

U.S. cybersecurity officials are warning utilities to increase basic cyber protections amid the active targeting of several water facilities by an Iranian-linked hacking group. – Cyberscoop

Hackers associated with Russia’s military intelligence are still actively exploiting a vulnerability in Microsoft software to gain access to victims’ emails, the company said Monday. – The Record

A hacker group allegedly linked to Iran claimed to have leaked thousands of medical records from an Israeli hospital, including those of Israeli soldiers. – The Record

Defense

The bullet took around nine seconds to reach its target, who doubled up and fell, according to a video of the shot reviewed by The Wall Street Journal. Kovalskiy and Ukraine say the shot set a new sniping distance record, breaking the previously acknowledged mark by more than 850 feet. – Wall Street Journal

Ukrainian aerospace group Motor Sich has little to show so far for a wartime effort to woo potential partners in the West, as it seeks new direction after it lost Russia as its biggest client and had a China tie-up blocked. – Reuters

The United States on Monday welcomed Angola signing the Artemis Accords on space exploration, the State Department said in a statement. – Reuters

Britain’s armed forces face an equipment funding shortfall of 17 billion pounds ($21.6 billion) over the next 10 years, a public spending watchdog said on Monday, a concern for defence chiefs at a time of heightened geopolitical risks. – Reuters

Human rights groups sought to block the Dutch government from exporting F-35 fighter jet parts to Israel, arguing in court on Monday that the exports could make the Netherlands complicit in possible war crimes. – Reuters

The US Navy plans to begin arming submarines next year with ship-targeting versions of the widely used Tomahawk missile, part of Washington’s push to ramp up military capabilities to challenge Chinese maritime forces, particularly around Taiwan. – Bloomberg

Ukraine’s military is revamping its Neptune anti-ship cruise missile system to develop long-range weapons, according to Kyiv’s Deputy Defense Ministry Ivan Havryliuk. – Newsweek

Pentagon leaders warned Congress that without a full-year budget, key programs, from uncrewed aircraft to hypersonics, could hit lengthy delays — and risk America’s standing in what the Defense Department sees as a technological race with China. – Defense News

A trio of crises, from the Middle East to Europe to the South China Sea, has some observers worrying that the Biden White House may fail a critical “stress test.” But the U.S. military is capable of handling all three at once, the vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff said Monday. – Defense One