Fdd's overnight brief

April 27, 2023

FDD Research & Analysis

In The News


An Iranian court issued a $312.9 million judgment against the United States over a 2017 Islamic State-claimed attack on Tehran, authorities said Wednesday, the latest judicial action between the nations amid their decadeslong enmity. – Associated Press

Iran’s Supreme Court has upheld the death sentence of Iranian-German dual national Jamshid Sharmahd on charges of “corruption on earth”, a judiciary spokesperson said on Wednesday. – Reuters

Clashes have erupted between security forces and civilians in the southeastern Iranian city of Fanouj amid protests sparked by the death of a teen when his motorcycle collided with a police car. – Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty

Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has ruled out holding a referendum on key national issues, a demand made by antiestablishment protesters, activists, and opposition figures. – Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty

An Iran-linked hacker group referred to as “Educated Manticore” has begun conducting cyberattacks against Israeli targets using a new version of malware used by other well-known Iranian hackers, alongside other methods rarely seen “in the wild,” according to a new report published by the Israeli cybersecurity company Check Point on Tuesday. – Jerusalem Post

Russia & Ukraine

Russian officials are scrambling to enlist hundreds of thousands more troops for the war in Ukraine without angering the general public, but recruitment plans being pushed by military leaders are raising alarm among other government officials worried about an increasingly critical labor shortage in the civilian workforce, according to classified U.S. intelligence documents obtained by The Washington Post. – Washington Post

Chinese leader Xi Jinping called Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky on Wednesday, their first conversation since the Russian invasion more than a year ago, as Beijing attempts to portray itself as a potential peacemaker in the conflict. – Wall Street Journal

Heavy fighting continued on Wednesday in the western districts of Bakhmut, the Ukrainian city where the country’s defenders have been putting up stiff, costly resistance against Russia’s invasion forces for months. – Wall Street Journal

Nearly all the combat vehicles Ukraine’s Western allies promised to deliver in time for Kyiv’s expected spring counteroffensive have arrived, NATO’s top military commander said on Wednesday. – New York Times

Workers at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant on Wednesday marked the 37th anniversary of the world’s worst nuclear disaster amid an ongoing war and nuclear threats, somberly laying flowers at a monument for victims. – Associated Press

The Ukrainian government on Wednesday launched a new initiative meant to streamline and promote innovation in the development of drones and other technologies that have been critical in the war with Russia. – Associated Press

Wearing video goggles, 1,000 newly Ukrainian-trained drone operators plan to fly swarms of small but deadly Chinese-made kamikaze drones across southeastern Ukraine’s front lines next month. This futuristic vision of warfare is not the nightmare of Russian military planners tossing in their sleep but of a Russian military blogger known as “Russian Engineer.” – New York Sun

Undeterred by several setbacks at the United Nations, Russia is planning to secure a seat next year on the world body’s top human rights organ, several diplomats are telling the Sun. – New York Sun

Ukraine could make “very effective” use of so-called cluster munitions that the United States has declined to provide, according to the top U.S. military officer in Europe. – Washington Examiner

The U.S. pursued a “wrong” nuclear policy that led to war in Europe, according to an adviser to the head of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky’s office. – Newsweek

Russian state media have reported in recent days that three downed drones have been found near Moscow. The Kremlin-backed news outlets said that one of these drones was a Ukrainian-made UJ-22 Airborne, which was allegedly equipped with explosives when it was found Sunday in a forest about 19 miles from Moscow. – Newsweek

Belarusian troops have been training to use nuclear-capable Iskander ballistic missiles as Moscow reportedly seeks to distract Ukrainian troops at the country’s northern border. – Newsweek

Personal resentment and a desire for revenge were the driving factors behind Russian President Vladimir Putin’s decision to launch a full-scale invasion of Ukraine last February, an investigation has claimed. – Newsweek

Russia’s ground forces have been damaged by the war in Ukraine, but many other elements of its military have remained unscathed, the general in charge of U.S. forces in Europe said Wednesday. – Military.com

Adam Taylor writes: And when the war does finally end, Ukraine will be looking for new economic partners to help it rebuild and replace the trade it once had with its giant neighbor. China, the world’s second largest economy, may be too big to alienate now. Unless the United States and its allies can offer an alternative, Ukraine has little choice but to accept the risks. – Washington Post

Michael O’Hanlon, Constanze Stelzenmüller, and David Wessel write: The war in Ukraine may be the first truly modern war, in which digital capabilities have transformed the dynamics on the ground as well as the international response. Ordinary citizens have documented actions in real time with mobile phones. Satellite imagery has helped collect evidence of war crimes. Public web services have provided platforms for information-sharing on the frontlines. – Washington Post

Mark T. Kimmitt writes: This campaign alone won’t end the war, but at a minimum it must inflict a massive defeat on Russian forces, in full view of the Russian people. It must take key terrain necessary for prosecuting follow-on campaigns. It must show the allies that Ukraine is a winnable war that won’t drag on for years, and one worth continued investment to achieve Mr. Zelensky’s aims. The coming counteroffensive will be a bloody, brutal series of battles, likely the largest to date, but its success will change the course of the war. – Wall Street Journal

Stephen Blank writes: Thus, these assessments reveal a government and alliance adrift on the seas of mounting wars and crises. While we must act to prevent a recurrence of such intelligence disasters; we must also act to advance our interests and values, and those of our allies. Neither other governments, nor history, will forgive us if we fail to rise to this occasion. – The Hill

Hugo Blewett-Mundy writes: Western leaders would do well to open their ears to the voices of those, like the Poles, who understand what lies behind Russia’s grimly familiar and bloody excursions into neighboring lands. Poland and its neighbors will no doubt be happy to share their stories. Otherwise, the cycle of Russian aggression will continue ad nauseam. – Center for European Policy Analysis

Julia Davis writes: While Maria Zakharova, of Russia’s Foreign Affairs Ministry, says she cannot remember Gershkovich’s name, none of Russia’s government officials and talking heads seem to experience the same memory lapse with Tucker Carlson — for reasons that are all too apparent. – Center for European Policy Analysis

Michael Starr writes: The Russian military is only in political strife with PMCs, and it is speculative and perhaps too far, as the National Resistance Center predicts, that there will be a civil war between these Russian warlords. However, it can not be denied that PMCs backed by companies, oligarchs and individual politicians are becoming major players in Russia’s foreign affairs.  It is possible that their roles will grow domestically as well. – Jerusalem Post


A hacking group on Wednesday continued its string of attempts to break into Israeli online targets, saying it was targeting the Jewish state in particular on its Independence Day. The group, which goes by “Anonymous Sudan,” posted claims on Telegram that it had hacked a range of Israeli news outlets, government sites and political webpages. – Times of Israel

American emergency ammunition depots in Israel are beginning to run low, and it is unknown when they will be replenished. – Arutz Sheva

Editorial: The role of a mediator in a conflict such as the one in Sudan presents Israel with risks and possibilities. However, if its efforts help to end the violence in the beleaguered Northeast African country and at the same time further cement ties between Jerusalem and Khartoum, the risks will be well worth it. – Jerusalem Post


The U.N. Security Council is set to vote on Thursday to condemn a ban on Afghan women working for the United Nations in Afghanistan and call upon the Taliban administration to “swiftly reverse” its crackdown on the rights of women and girls. – Reuters

The United States was not involved in the Taliban’s killing of the ISIS-Khorasan leader who was responsible for the Aug. 26, 2021, bombing at the Kabul airport that killed 13 U.S. service members and roughly 170 Afghan civilians, according to U.S. officials. – Washington Examiner

Editorial: State says sharing the cable and the writers’ identities risks “chilling” diplomats from using the dissent channel. Yet it continues to balk even after Mr. McCaul offered to view the cable in a classified setting with names redacted. The Republican has twice pushed back his subpoena deadline in a good-faith effort to get State’s cooperation. Litigation may be next. The White House wants Americans to forget the Afghan tragedy, but voters deserve to know the truth about an episode that will harm U.S. interests for years to come. – Wall Street Journal

Editorial: Biden made a political decision that he wanted the U.S. out of Afghanistan at any cost. ISIS is now taking predictable advantage of his folly. How long will it be before a successful terrorist attack on the West is traced back to Afghanistan? It is a terrible question to have to ask, but Biden has made it impossible not to. – Washington Examiner

Marvin G. Weinbaum writes: Many will argue that the loosening or dropping of sanctions will reward the Taliban and contribute to strengthening the regime. But much as we might prefer to see regime change in Afghanistan, for the foreseeable future a reasonably stable and sufficiently capable Taliban government is needed to help facilitate humanitarian programs, neutralize ISKP, and avert state collapse and civil war. A course correction that breaks new ground in U.S.-Afghan relations by shaking off much of the established thinking about engaging the Taliban is best designed to further American security and strategic interests as well as the wellbeing of the Afghan people. – Middle East Institute 


Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan canceled a planned visit to a landmark nuclear project on Thursday after he fell ill during a live TV interview earlier this week. – Bloomberg

Michael Rubin writes: Certainly, both the United States and Europe should work with a post-Erdogan Turkey to move in the right direction. It is in everyone’s interest to have a Turkey at peace with itself and its neighbors. Turkey should be a force for stability and a democracy rather than kleptocracy. It will take time. – 19FortyFive

Neville Teller writes: Imamoglu will not be participating in the forthcoming presidential poll. Found guilty of insulting public officials, he was sentenced last December to 31 months in jail and barred from all political activity. Yet according to a very recent report in Le Monde he is not languishing in some prison cell, but has been crisscrossing the country for weeks receiving a rapturous reception. The paper did not divulge how he has evaded incarceration. – Jerusalem Post

Middle East & North Africa

A dual Lebanese-Belgian citizen accused by the United States of financing Lebanon’s Hezbollah has been extradited from Romania and faced sanctions evasion and money laundering charges on Wednesday in Brooklyn federal court, prosecutors said. – Reuters

Egypt’s economy will grow 4.0% this fiscal year and 4.5% next even as it endures a continuing depreciation in its currency, a Reuters poll showed on Thursday, in line with a government forecast for the current year. – Reuters

Benjamin Freedman writes: But in addition to improving adaptation and mitigation measures across the Global South, governments should be prepared to reform national immigration processes to manage an impending rise in climate refugees. It is time for the world to deal with the fact that climate displacement may soon increasingly impact the socio-economic and demographic realities of the wider MENA region. After all, the effects will not remain localized. The fallout will also be felt by the countries that receive growing numbers of climate refugees. – Middle East Institute

Zalman Shoval writes: A Middle Eastern official said: “The US is perceived as leaving the Middle East and China fills the void, China becomes the winner here.” This isn’t, however, as everyone in Washington sees it and as one source quoted in Politico noted: “The Biden administration, which has openly worried about China’s growing clout in the Middle East, has met this development with a shrug.” – Jerusalem Post

Hamdi Malik and Michael Knights write: This reinforces our longstanding assessment from January 2022 that Akram Kaabi has inherited the anti-U.S. resistance part of Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis’ portfolio, while Abu Fadak has focused on his role as chief of staff of the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF). The third aspect of Muhandis’ portfolio – organizing  Shia politics – is still up for grabs, with Qais al-Khazali, Nouri al-Maliki and Hadi al-Ameri scrambling for top-spot, with Khazali in the lead. – Washington Institute

Korean Peninsula

President Biden sought to reaffirm the U.S. commitment to South Korea’s security Wednesday, using a state visit by South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol to counter the growing nuclear threat from North Korea with more aggressive rhetoric and a set of new deterrence measures. – Washington Post

South Korea and the U.S. agreed to boost economic partnerships in critical technology industries such as microchips, electric vehicles and batteries, said South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol. – Reuters

U.S. President Joe Biden and South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol upgraded their commitment to cooperate on maintaining stability in foreign exchange markets at a summit on Wednesday, a senior South Korean economic official said. – Reuters

For the first time since the 1980s a U.S. Navy nuclear-armed ballistic missile submarine (SSBN) will visit South Korea to help demonstrate Washington’s resolve to protect the country from a North Korean attack. – Reuters

Tom Rogan writes: The White House will have no doubts as to China’s anger over this announcement and, as with Russia, is normally risk-averse on escalatory matters. That said, this submarine announcement is likely designed in response to two specific Chinese actions. First, to boost U.S. nuclear deterrence in the face of China’s unprecedented development of its strategic nuclear forces. Second, to signal that Beijing will not be able to use Kim as an easy pressure point via which to extract concessions from Washington. – Washington Examiner

Gi-Wook Shin writes: Over the last seven decades, the U.S.-Korea alliance has been a pillar of U.S. policy in Northeast Asia while propelling South Korea into a top-10 economy with a vibrant democracy. Can the alliance’s next seven decades enjoy the same success? This summit will set the tone. – The Hill

Patrick M. Cronin writes: Even if cooperation falls short of maximum alliance cooperation, this week’s fifth meeting of the two leaders, since President Biden visited Seoul 10 days after President Yoon’s inauguration, should validate alliance policy. President Yoon has been wise to portray South Korea as a global pivotal state, and President Biden has been shrewd in doubling down on allies and partners. – Korea on Point


American spy services detected construction at a suspected Chinese military facility in the United Arab Emirates in December — one year after Washington’s oil-rich ally announced it was halting the project because of U.S. concerns, according to top-secret intelligence documents obtained by The Washington Post. – Washington Post

China rewrote its law against espionage to tighten state control over a wider swath of data and digital activities, an expansion of its power to neutralize perceived foreign threats that raises the risks for businesses operating in the world’s second-largest economy. – Wall Street Journal

China’s Maritime Safety Administration said on Wednesday that a military exercise will be conducted in some areas of the South China Sea on April 27 between 9 a.m. and 1 p.m. (0100 GMT to 0500 GMT). It gave no further information. – Reuters

China will continue to firmly support Central Asian countries in safeguarding their independence and territorial integrity, its foreign ministry said, after a senior Chinese envoy in Europe raised an uproar by questioning the sovereignty of those states. – Reuters

Editorial: China’s current leader, Xi Jinping, has eliminated the public space for reformist and liberal views and demanded strict loyalty to the party line. But in earlier years, China was more open to reform ideas, and Mr. Dong co-edited a book in 1998 that contained essays from pro-reform scholars calling for a more transparent and independent judiciary, which he also advocated in the pages of Guangming Daily. – Washington Post

Josh Rogin writes: Yes, the United States should seek engagement and competition with China simultaneously. But Beijing is trying to force Biden to prioritize the former over the latter. The problem with going along is that until the United States addresses China’s economic aggression, it can expect neither fair competition nor security. – Washington Post

Minxin Pei writes: That might start with an official invitation for Yellen to visit. In addition, China can send a new ambassador to Washington without further delay and restore back-channel communications with the US. Biden’s national security adviser Jake Sullivan and his Chinese counterpart, Wang Yi, can meet in a neutral venue to explore further options for cooling tensions, paving the way for a phone call or a summit between Biden and Xi. Any pause will be fragile and vulnerable to unexpected events, of course. But, if both sides really do want a better relationship, it’s time they did more than talk about it. – Bloomberg

Zack Smith writes: Regardless, China’s brazen establishment of illegal overseas police stations within the United States calls for those participating in this scheme to be prosecuted and for Congress and intelligence officials to thoroughly evaluate how else China might be covertly trying to exert its influence within the United States. – Washington Examiner 

Tyler Jost writes: This places tremendous pressure on Xi to put all the pieces together himself. And this imperative might help to explain the balloon blunder: Xi may have approved a general policy for balloon reconnaissance, perhaps years ago, with limited debate about the ways such a policy could backfire in the future. The possibility of such miscalculations in the coming years should be cause for concern for U.S. policymakers. The Chinese military may tell Xi that it is ready for war, and a catastrophe could ensue if the rest of the bureaucracy is institutionally prevented from checking the military’s math. – Foreign Affairs

Dale Aluf writes: In advancing multipolarity, Beijing seeks to counter perceived US efforts to contain China by reducing the power of the American-dominated institutions that form the backbone of the postwar system. If successful, China will have more freedom to pursue its national interests in its traditional sphere of influence and in further flung regions like the Middle East. – Jerusalem Post


Kenji Nagai, a 50-year-old journalist, was fatally shot as soldiers fired on demonstrators gathered in Yangon, the capital, to protest the military junta. His death was one of about 10 that the regime admits occurred — international estimates are much higher — during the Saffron Revolution, an uprising named after the color of the robes worn by Buddhist monks who were central to the movement. – Washington Post

South Korea and Japan have been the two most important allies of the United States in East Asia for decades, and it has long troubled Washington that the pair could not get along. – New York Times

When China’s foreign minister visited the Philippines last weekend, he had a stern message for President Ferdinand E. Marcos Jr. of the Philippines: It was vital that Manila “properly handle issues” related to Taiwan and the South China Sea, and follow through on its earlier commitment not to choose sides, he said. – New York Times

Three years ago, tens of thousands of mostly young people in Thailand took to the streets in heated demonstrations seeking democratic reforms. Now, with a general election coming in three weeks, leaders of the country’s progressive movement are hoping to channel the same radical spirit for change though the ballot box. – Associated Press

U.S. President Joe Biden will briefly visit Papua New Guinea (PNG) on May 22, officials from the Pacific island nation said on Thursday, as Washington seeks to counter growing Chinese influence in the strategically important region. – Reuters

Nepal’s new government, led by a communist prime minister, will give priority to enhancing relations with both of its giant neighbors, India and China, but won’t use them against each other for its own benefit, the newly appointed foreign minister said Wednesday. – Associated Press

Taiwan shares intelligence with the United States and the rest of the so-called Five Eyes bloc of American allies, according to Taiwan’s spy chief. – Washington Examiner

Law enforcement agencies of Tajikistan have neutralized “two members of international terrorist organizations” on the Tajik-Afghan border, the Center for Public Relations of the State Committee for National Security of the Republic of Tajikistan reports. The names of the organizations are not mentioned. – Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty


Swedish manufacturer Saab has strongly hinted at a wave of future military sales once Sweden enters NATO and on the basis that increased defense spending across Europe will continue long term as a response to Russian intimidation. – Breaking Defense

Businesses in the United Kingdom are likely to face increased costs as a result of the European Union’s new Cyber Resilience Act (CRA), a parliamentary committee has warned, despite a similar law already in place for British businesses. – The Record

Matthew Brooker writes: It would be unwise for Britain to continue further down this road. Perhaps it’s time for politicians to start biting their tongues and moderating their language a little. That could begin with the Rwanda decision, whatever the outcome. – Bloomberg

Alexander J. Motyl writes: Either way, Orban will lose and find a place on what the Soviets called the “ash heap of history.” The only way to snatch survival from the jaws of humiliation would be for Orban to repudiate his vision now. Ironically, an about-face of this kind might be just the thing for a populist opportunist like Hungary’s illiberal prime minister. – The Hill

Erik Gartzke writes: Macron has laid heavy hints that the United States has overstayed its welcome in Europe. Other leaders are more polite, but their sentiment is also clear. America can afford to be gracious in response. As tensions in Eastern Europe abate in the aftermath of the Russo-Ukraine war, there will be an opportunity for the United States to refocus and streamline its security commitments in Europe. Doing so will free up resources and reduce liabilities on both sides of the Atlantic. – The National Interest


The United States, like other governments, has already evacuated its diplomats and their families, but tens of thousands of other foreign citizens remain behind amid fierce battles between the Sudanese military and a rival paramilitary group that erupted nearly two weeks ago. – Washington Post

Residents of Sudan’s besieged capital, Khartoum, said Wednesday that they are facing mounting hunger, sickness and continued airstrikes, despite a declared cease-fire between the country’s two most powerful generals, who began fighting 12 days ago. – Washington Post

President Cyril Ramaphosa of South Africa said on Tuesday that his party, the African National Congress, had decided “it is prudent” to withdraw from the International Criminal Court — only for representatives for him and the party to later clarify that neither was actually advocating quitting the court, at least for now. – New York Times

As Sudan is ripped apart in a battle between rival generals, one question was swirling around the country on Wednesday: Where is the former dictator Omar Hassan al-Bashir? – New York Times

With conflict raging in Sudan, the army said on Wednesday former long-time autocratic ruler Omar al-Bashir had been moved from prison to a military hospital along with at least five members of his former administration. – Reuters

At least 29 people were abducted by gunmen in Nigeria’s federal capital territory, Abuja, a local government official told The Associated Press on Wednesday. – Associated Press

International diplomats stepped up efforts to extend a tenuous cease-fire in conflict-ravaged Sudan, looking to avert an escalation in violence many fear could reverberate outside the North African nation’s borders. – Bloomberg

Alex de Waal writes: There is now a small window for the United States and Saudi Arabia to demand a more substantial truce on humanitarian grounds and insist on a political dialogue. The hope is that the Saudis can convince Cairo and Abu Dhabi not to fund or arm their respective favorites, and the United States can champion the democratic movement that it has so shamefully betrayed. Kenyan President William Ruto—who has little leverage but solid democratic credentials and can partner with the Saudis in marshaling a united international front—has offered to mediate. Any formula for ending the war will require strong diplomatic skills and a multilateral framework that involves the UN and the Africans. And time is running out. – Foreign Affairs

Cameron Hudson writes: As administration officials continue to fan out across the continent, they should humbly approach the challenge of simultaneously pursuing two seemingly contradictory goals: earning back a privileged relationship with African leaders while also trying to keep geopolitical rivals at bay. As part of that effort, they would do well to remember that less moralizing about the inroads U.S. competitors are making and more attention to the kind of “kitchen table” issues that Africans care about would do more to head off a new Cold War on the continent—a war the United States is increasingly placed to lose. – Center for Strategic and International Studies

The Americas

Cuba increasingly is turning to Russia and Mexico for oil to ease an acute shortage of diesel and gasoline and supplement dwindling supplies of Venezuelan crude and fuel, according to shipping data and sources. – Reuters

Colombian President Gustavo Petro on Wednesday replaced seven of his ministers, hours after asking his entire cabinet to resign due to his difficulties in pushing ambitious reforms through Congress. – Agence France-Presse

Editorial: This is a rebuke to Mr. Biden, who called Mr. Petro a champion of democracy in his White House visit: “I really want to thank you for your outspoken and strong commitment to peace and human rights across the Americas. You speak to it all the time.” Except, apparently, on Tuesdays. – Wall Street Journal

Mateo Haydar writes: The last time that another threat network ally governed Peru, a Chinese state-owned company was able to secure access to a deep-sea mega-port that is key to Beijing’s Pacific naval ambitions, and Peru became another one of China’s “comprehensive strategic partners.” – Washington Examiner

Richard M. Sanders writes: Mexico, of course, is not likely to greet a restart of an aggressive counternarcotics effort with great enthusiasm. Action against the cartels will cost lives and treasure, and require patience. The initial goal must be simply to keep the cartels’ power and their capacity to produce fentanyl and other drugs from increasing. But Mexico may come to realize—hopefully before it is too late—that simply letting the cartels have their way and expand further will impose far higher costs, and indeed may let the country drift toward failed state status in large areas of its territory. On both sides of the Rio Grande, realism is in order. – The National Interest


A federal judge in Brazil on Wednesday ordered a temporary suspension of messaging app Telegram, citing the social media platform’s alleged failure to provide all information Federal Police requested on neo-Nazi chat groups. The move is regarded as part of the country’s push against a rise in school violence. – Associated Press

South Korea and the U.S. announced Wednesday that they have committed to signing a cybersecurity cooperation agreement, citing concerns about North Korea funding its weapons programs with the proceeds of cybercrime. – The Record

Russian hackers are attempting to inject ransomware into Ukraine’s logistics supply chain and those of the Western countries that back Kyiv in its fight against Moscow, a senior National Security Agency official said on Wednesday. – The Record

The Chinese government passed an expansion of its counterespionage law on Wednesday that would, among other things, allow people to be charged as spies if they target critical infrastructure or government bodies with cyberattacks. – The Record

Ukraine’s chief of cyber and information security said destructive Russian cyberattacks on critical infrastructure should be referred to the International Criminal Court. – The Record

An alleged Chinese government-backed hacking group targeted a nonprofit organization in China with custom malware designed to spy on its victims and collect data from their devices, according to new cybersecurity research. – The Record

The Department of Homeland Security would create cybersecurity testing centers under new legislation based on a recommendation from congressional cybersecurity experts. – The Record


The U.S. Army is assessing its future distribution of radios and related gear that provide vital links to far-flung soldiers in both the Indo-Pacific and Europe. – Defense News

For five days, a U.S. consulate in the tiny country of Obsidian had been surrounded by protestors who were upset with the American presence in their coastal nation. Fomented by an armed opposition group, the situation for the State Department staff, Marine guards and Americans in the region had become increasingly unstable. – USNI News

The Army is altering its acquisition approach for its long-range cyber, electronic warfare and signals intelligence platform, determining it might need a tailored approach for each theater, according to a top official. – CyberScoop

Boeing disclosed today that its KC-46A Pegasus tanker incurred a new $245 million charge in the first quarter of 2023, driving a $211 million loss for the company’s defense sector saddled with fixed-price development contracts. – Breaking Defense