Maximum Pressure 2.0: A Plan for North Korea

Maximum Pressure 2.0: A Plan for North Korea

December 13, 2019
12:00 pm - 1:30 pm

Event video

December 13, 2019


The recently published FDD report outlines a new “maximum pressure 2.0 campaign” targeting North Korea. The report provides an actionable plan that integrates diplomacy, military posture, cyber operations, sanctions, and information and influence activities in order to persuade Kim Jong Un to relinquish the regime’s weapons of mass destruction.

After remarks from The Hon. Juan C. Zarate, we heard from our expert panelists Nicholas Eberstadt, Henry Wendt Chair in Political Economy at the American Enterprise Institute; David Maxwell, former planner with the ROK/U.S. Combined Forces Command and FDD Senior Fellow; Jung Pak, SK-Korea Foundation Chair in Korea Studies at the Brookings Institute; and Samantha Ravich, former deputy national security advisor to the Vice President and chairman of FDD’s Center on Cyber and Technology Innovation. Brad Bowman, Senior Director of FDD’s Center on Military and Political Power, moderated.


Brad Bowman

Brad Bowman serves as Senior Director of FDD’s Center on Military and Political Power. He served as National Security Advisor for two years for U.S. Senator Todd Young, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and as top defense advisor for six years to U.S. Senator Kelly Ayotte, Chair/Ranking Member of the Senate Armed Services Readiness and Management Support Subcommittee. He worked as a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Previously, he served as an active duty U.S. Army officer, including as a Company Commander, “Blackhawk” pilot, Assistant Professor at West Point, Congressional Affairs Officer in the Pentagon, and staff officer in Afghanistan. At West Point, he taught courses in American politics, American foreign policy, and a course on “Studies in Grand Strategy: Lessons for U.S. Policy.” He recently taught a graduate course on “Congress and U.S. National Security Policy” at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service.

Dr. Nicholas Eberstadt

Dr. Nicholas Eberstadt holds the Henry Wendt Chair in Political Economy at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), where he researches and writes extensively on demographics and economic development generally, and more specifically on international security in the Korean peninsula and Asia. Dr. Eberstadt is also a senior adviser to the National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR). His many books and monographs include, “Poverty in China” (IDI, 1979) and “The End of North Korea” (AEI Press, 1999). He has offered invited testimony before Congress on numerous occasions and has served as consultant or adviser for a variety of units within the US government. His appearances on radio and television range from NPR to CNN’s “The Situation Room with Wolf Blitzer.” In 2012, Mr. Eberstadt was awarded the prestigious Bradley Prize.

David Maxwell

David Maxwell is a senior fellow at FDD. He is a 30-year veteran of the United States Army, retiring in 2011 as a Special Forces Colonel with his final assignment serving on the military faculty teaching national security strategy at the National War College. He has served in various command and staff assignments in the Infantry in Germany and Korea as well as in Special Forces at Ft. Lewis, Washington; Seoul, Korea; Okinawa, Japan; and the Philippines, with total service in Asia of more than 20 years. He served on the United Nations Command / Combined Forces Command / United States Forces Korea CJ3 staff where he was a planner for UNC/CFC OPLAN 5027-98 and co-author of the original ROK JCS – UNC/CFC CONPLAN 5029-99 (North Korean Instability and Collapse) and later served as the Director of Plans, Policy, and Strategy (J5) and the Chief of Staff for Special Operations Command Korea (SOCKOR). From 2000 to 2002 he commanded 1st Battalion, 1st Special Forces Group (Airborne) in Okinawa, Japan.

Jung Pak

Jung Pakis a senior fellow and the SK-Korea Foundation Chair in Korea Studies at Brookings Institution’s Center for East Asia Policy Studies. She focuses on the national security challenges facing the United States and East Asia, including North Korea’s weapons of mass destruction (WMD) capabilities, the regime’s domestic and foreign policy calculus, internal stability, and inter-Korean ties. She is also focused on developing interdisciplinary forums to bolster regional dialogue on counterterrorism, nonproliferation, cybersecurity, and climate change. She has held senior positions at the Central Intelligence Agency and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. From 2014 to 2016, she served as a deputy national intelligence officer at the National Intelligence Council in the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. In that role, Ms. Pak led the U.S. intelligence community’s production of strategic analysis on Korean Peninsula issues, represented the IC in White House policy meetings, provided direct analytic support to the National Security Council, and advised the DNI and his senior staff on key developments and emerging issues. At CIA, where she won multiple awards for superior analytic accomplishments and service, she produced timely and actionable analysis for the president and also helped to manage and support CIA’s projects related to the U.S. presidential transition. Prior to her work in national security, Ms. Pak taught at Hunter College in New York City and studied in South Korea as a Fulbright Scholar.

Dr. Samantha Ravich

Dr. Samantha Ravich is the chairman of FDD’s Center on Cyber and Technology Innovation and its Transformative Cyber Innovation Lab and the principal investigator on FDD’s Cyber-Enabled Economic Warfare project. She serves as vice chair of the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board (PIAB) and was also appointed to the congressionally-mandated Cyberspace Solarium Commission and to the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board. She is a defense and intelligence policy and tech entrepreneur. Dr. Ravich served as deputy national security advisor for Vice President Cheney, focusing on Asian and Middle East Affairs as well as on counter-terrorism and counter-proliferation. Following her time at the White House, Samantha was the Republican co-chair of the Congressionally-mandated National Commission for Review of Research and Development Programs in the United States Intelligence Community. She is advisor on cyber and geo-political threats and trends to numerous technology, manufacturing, and services companies; a managing partner of A2P, a social data analytics firm; and a former non-executive Board member for the publicly listed firm DroneShield (ASX: DRO). Her book, Marketization and Democracy: East Asian Experiences (Cambridge University Press) is used as a basic textbook in international economics, political science, and Asian studies college courses.

The Hon. Juan C. Zarate

The Hon. Juan C. Zarate serves as chairman and co-founder of FDD’s Center on Economic and Financial Power (CEFP), and chairman and co-founder of the Financial Integrity Network. He is also a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a senior national security analyst for NBC News and MSNBC, and was a visiting lecturer of law at the Harvard Law School for eight years. Mr. Zarate served as the deputy assistant to the president and deputy national security advisor for combating terrorism from 2005 to 2009. He was the first-ever assistant secretary of the treasury for terrorist financing and financial crimes, where he led domestic and international efforts to counter terrorist financing, the strategic use of financial power against America’s enemies, and the global hunt for Saddam Hussein’s assets. He is author of Treasury’s War: The Unleashing of a New Era of Financial Warfare (2013) and Forging Democracy (1994). Mr. Zarate is a graduate of Harvard College and Harvard Law School.


Military and Political Power North Korea Sanctions and Illicit Finance U.S. Defense Policy and Strategy